Azidothymidine (AZT) is a selective, orally bioavailable and brain penetrant reverse transcriptase inhibitor. It has 100-fold selectivity for HIV reverse transcriptase over DNA polymerase α. It can suppress HIV-1 replication and enhance cell viability in a HIV-1 infected T cell line. It can also suppress growth of a multiple myeloma (MM) cell line and reduces the growth of MM tumor xenografts in mice. In recent studies, AZT can enhance CRISPR-mediated sequence-specific gene knockout via NHEJ in human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and other cell types.
CAS Number: 30516-87-1
Molecular Weight: 267.24
Chemical Name: 1-((2R,4S,5S)-4-azido-5-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydrofuran-2-yl)-5-methylpyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO up to 100 mM, Water up to 50 mM
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Azidothymidine (AZT) was used at 5-30 µM final concentration in various in vitro assays.
Azidothymidine (AZT) was dosed to mice at 10-50 mg/kg orally once per day.
- Mitsuya H, et al. 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine (BW A509U): an antiviral agent that inhibits the infectivity and cytopathic effect of human T-lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus in vitro. (1985) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 82(20):7096-100.
- Furman PA, et al. Phosphorylation of 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine and selective interaction of the 5'-triphosphate with human immunodeficiency virus reverse transcriptase. (1986) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 83(21):8333-7.
- Broder S, et al. The development of antiretroviral therapy and its impact on the HIV-1/AIDS pandemic. (2010) Antiviral Res. 85(1):1-18.
Products are for research use only. Not for human use.
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