Mitochonic acid 5 binds mitochondria and ameliorates renal tubular and cardiac myocyte damage. Mitochonic acid 5 modulates mitochondrial ATP synthesis.
CAS Number: 1354707-41-7
Molecular Weight: 329.30
Chemical Name: 4-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-4-oxobutanoic acid
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO : ≥ 106.66 mg/mL (323.90 mM). H2O : < 0.1 mg/mL (insoluble).
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Mitochonic acid 5 (MA-5) modulates mitochondrial ATP synthesis independently of oxidative phosphorylation and the electron transport chain. Mitochondrial dysfunction causes increased oxidative stress and depletion of ATP, which are involved in the etiology of a variety of renal diseases. Mitochonic acid 5 (MA-5), which is derived from the plant growth hormone indole-3-acetic acid, can protect mitochondrial function by regulating energy metabolism and reducing mitochondrial oxidative stress. To observe the protective role of Mitochonic acid 5 in microglia under inflammatory conditions, TNFα is applied. Subsequently, the MTT assay is used to evaluate cell viability. In response to the TNFα treatment, cell viability significantly decreases. However, this effect is dose-dependently inhibited by Mitochonic acid 5 treatment.
Administration of Mitochonic acid 5 (MA-5) to an ischemia-reperfusion injury model and a cisplatin-induced nephropathy model improved renal function. To examine the tissue-protective effect of Mitochonic acid 5, the oral bioavailability is examined. Oral administration of Mitochonic acid 5 increases the plasma concentration in a dose-response manner at the peak time of 1 hour.
- Suzuki T, et al. Mitochonic Acid 5 Binds Mitochondria and Ameliorates Renal Tubular and Cardiac Myocyte Damage. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2016 Jul;27(7):1925-32.
- Lei Q, et al. Mitochonic acid 5 activates the MAPK-ERK-yap signaling pathways to protect mouse microglial BV-2 cells against TNFα-induced apoptosis via increased Bnip3-related mitophagy. Cell Mol Biol Lett. 2018 Apr 5;23:14.
Products are for research use only. Not for human use.
Payment & Security
Your payment information is processed securely. We do not store credit card details nor have access to your credit card information.