AT13148 is a novel oral multi-AGC kinase inhibitor with potent pharmacodynamic and antitumor activity, which shows a distinct mechanism of action from other AKT inhibitors. AT13148 is currently being developed by Astex Pharmaceuticals. AT131148 was identified utilizing high-throughput X-ray crystallography and fragment-based lead discovery techniques. AT13148 caused substantial blockade of AKT, p70S6K, PKA, ROCK and SGK substrate phosphorylation and induction of apoptosis in both a concentration and time-dependent manner in cancer cells with clinically relevant genetic defects both in vitro and in vivo.
Chemical Formula: C17H16ClN3O
Exact Mass: 313.09819
Molecular Weight: 313.78
Elemental Analysis: C, 65.07; H, 5.14; Cl, 11.30; N, 13.39; O, 5.10
Chemical Name: (S)-1-(4-(1H-pyrazol-4-yl)phenyl)-2-amino-1-(4-chlorophenyl)ethanol
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C17H16ClN3O/c18-16-7-5-15(6-8-16)17(22,11-19)14-3-1-12(2-4-14)13-9-20-21-10-13/h1-10,22H,11,19H2,(H,20,21)/t17-/m0/s1
Appearance: white solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
AT13148 inhibits a panel of kinases at 10 μM, and the IC50 values for p70S6K, PKA, ROCKI, and ROCKII are all less than 10 nM and those for AKT1, 2, and 3 are 38, 402, and 50 nM, respectively. For the related AGC kinases RSK1 and SGK3, the IC50 values are 85 and 63 nM, respectively. In contrast, IC50 values for the non-AGC kinases CHK2 and Aurora B are both greater than 800 nM. AT13148 potently inhibits proliferation with GI50 values of 1.5 to 3.8 μM across a selected panel of cancer cell lines. AT13148 treatment in gastric cancer cells dramatically suppresses activation of multiple AGC kinases, including Akt (at p-Thr-308), p70S6 kinase (p70S6K), glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β) and p90 ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK).
Oral drug administration of 5 mg/kg of AT13148 results in complete bioavailability. Clear inhibition of phosphorylation of the AKT substrates GSK3β, tuberin, and the p70S6K target S6RP are also observed in PTEN-deficient MES-SA human uterine tumor xenografts after treatment with 40 and 50 mg/kg p.o. of AT13148. Oral gavage of AT13148 at well-tolerated doses significantly inhibits HGC27 xenograft tumor growth in nude mice. AGC activity is also dramatically decreased in AT13148-administrated HGC27 tumors.
- Yap TA, Walton MI, Grimshaw KM, Te Poele RH, Eve PD, Valenti MR, de Haven Brandon AK, Martins V, Zetterlund A, Heaton SP, Heinzmann K, Jones PS, Feltell RE, Reule M, Woodhead SJ, Davies TG, Lyons JF, Raynaud FI, Eccles SA, Workman P, Thompson NT, Garrett MD. AT13148 is a novel, oral multi-AGC kinase inhibitor with potent pharmacodynamic and antitumor activity. Clin Cancer Res. 2012 Jul 15;18(14):3912-23. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-11-3313. Epub 2012 Jul 10. PubMed PMID: 22781553.
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