Elamipretide (MTP-131, SS-31, D-Arg-Dmt-Lys-Phe-NH2) is a cytochrome c peroxidase inhibitor. Elamipretide improves mitochondrial dysfunction, synaptic and memory impairment induced by lipopolysaccharide in mice.
CAS Number: 736992-21-5
Molecular Weight: 639.79
Chemical Name: (S)-6-amino-N-((S)-1-amino-1-oxo-3-phenylpropan-2-yl)-2-((S)-2-((R)-2-amino-5-guanidinopentanamido)-3-(4-hydroxy-2,6-dimethylphenyl)propanamido)hexanamide
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO.
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
SS-31 binds with high affinity to cardiolipin, an anionic phospholipid expressed on the inner mitochondrial membrane that is required for cristae formation. In addition, the SS-31/cardiolipin complex inhibits cytochrome c peroxidase activity, which catalyzes cardiolipin peroxidation and results in mitochondrial damage during ischemia, by protecting its heme iron.
Pretreatment of rats with SS-31 protects cristae membranes during renal ischemia and prevents mitochondrial swelling. Prompt recovery of ATP on reperfusion leads to rapid repair of ATP-dependent processes, such as restoration of the actin cytoskeleton and cell polarity. Rapid recovery of ATP also inhibits apoptosis, protects tubular barrier function, and mitigates renal dysfunction.
- Alexander V Birk, et al. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2013 Jul;24(8):1250-61.
- Weixing Zhao, et al. J Neuroinflammation. 2019 Nov 20;16(1):23
Products are for research use only. Not for human use.
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