||10 mM in DMSO
How to use:
In Vitro :
Canertinib significantly inhibits growth of cultured melanoma cells, RaH3 and RaH5, in a dose-dependent manner. IC50 is approximately 0.8 μM and by 5μM both cell lines are completely growth-arrested within 72 h of treatment. Incubation of exponentially growing RaH3 and RaH5 with 1 μM canertinib accumulated the cells in the G1-phase of the cell cycle within 24 h of treatment without induction of apoptosis. 1 μM canertinib inhibits ErbB1-3 receptor phosphorylation with a concomitant decrease of Akt-, Erk1/2- and Stat3 activity in both cell lines.
In Vivo :
Canertinib shows superior in vivo antitumor activity, giving growth delays in A431 xenografts exceeding 50 days following oral administration. The growth of human malignant melanoma xenografts, RaH3 and RaH5, in nude mice is significantly inhibited by i.p. injections of 40 mg/kg/day canertinib (Fig. 4). The anti-proliferative effect on melanoma xenografts is visible already within 4 days of treatment and further increased throughout the treatment period as observed through the differences in tumor volumes, reaching statistical significance within 18 days of treatment.
. Smaill JB, et al. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors. 17. Irreversible inhibitors of the epidermal growth factor receptor: 4-(phenylamino)quinazoline- and 4-(phenylamino)pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidine-6-acrylamides bearing additional solubilizing functions. J Med Chem. 2000 Apr 6;43(7):1380-97.
. Djerf Severinsson EA, et al. The pan-ErbB receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor canertinib promotes apoptosis of malignant melanoma in vitro and displays anti-tumor activity in vivo. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2011 Oct 28;414(3):563-8.