Protosappanin A (PTA), an immunosuppressive ingredient and major biphenyl compound isolated from Caesalpinia sappan L, suppresses JAK2/STAT3-dependent inflammation pathway through down-regulating the phosphorylation of JAK2 and STAT3.
CAS Number: 102036-28-2
Molecular Weight: 272.25
Chemical Name: 5, 14, 15-trihydroxy-8-oxatricyclo[10.4.0.0, ]hexadeca-1(16), 2, 4, 6, 12, 14-hexaen-10-one
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Protosappanin A (PTA: 12.5, 25, 50 μM, 24 hours) significantly inhibits the production of TNF-α and IL-1β in LPS-activated BV2 microglia. And the mRNA expressions of IL-6, IL-1β, and MCP-1 are reduced by PTA in a dose-dependent manner in BV2 microglial cell line. Protosappanin A (PTA: 12.5, 25, 50 μM, 24 hours) suppresses JAK2/STAT3-dependent inflammation pathway through down-regulating the phosphorylation of JAK2 and STAT3, as well as STAT3 nuclear translocation against LPS treatment. Protosappanin A (PTA: 12.5, 25, 50 μM, 24 hours) shows obvious effect on disturbing the interaction of transmembrane protein CD14 with Toll-like receptor-4, resulting in the inhibition of NF-κB-dependent oxidative and nitrative stress in LPS-induced BV2 microglia.
- Wang LC, et al. Protosappanin A exerts anti-neuroinflammatory effect by inhibiting JAK2-STAT3 pathway in lipopolysaccharide-induced BV2 microglia. Chin J Nat Med. 2017 Sep;15(9):674-679.
- Zeng KW, et al. Protosappanin A inhibits oxidative and nitrative stress via interfering the interaction of transmembrane protein CD14 with Toll-like receptor-4 in lipopolysaccharide-induced BV-2 microglia. Int Immunopharmacol, 2012, 14(4): 558- 569.
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