TBHQ (tert-Butylhydroquinone) is a widely used Nrf2 activator, protects against Doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiotoxicity through activation of Nrf2. TBHQ (tert-Butylhydroquinone) is also an ERK activator; rescues Dehydrocorydaline (DHC)-induced cell proliferation inhibitionin melanoma.
CAS Number: 1948-33-0
Molecular Weight: 166.22
Chemical Name: 2-tert-butylbenzene-1, 4-diol
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO : ≥ 56.66 mg/mL (340.87 mM)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
TBHQ (t-butylhydroquinone; tBHQ; 0-100 μM; 48 hours; H9c2 cells) alone does not affect H9c2 cells viability. Pre-incubation of the H9c2 cells with various concentrations of tBHQ for 24 hours enhances cell viability which is decreased due to exposure to ethanol in a dose-dependent manner. Treatment with tBHQ markedly enhances the viability of H9c2 cardiomyocytes exposed to ethanol. TBHQ (5 μM; 15 min; H9c2 cells) treatment significantly reduces the amount of apoptotic cells exposed to ethanol. TBHQ (5 μM; H9c2 cells) pre-treatment markedly inhibites the ethanol-induced increase in caspase-3 and Bax expression, and enhances Bcl-2 expression.
TBHQ treatment (50 mg/kg; Intraperitoneal injection; three injections at intervals of 8 h that began 1-h post ICH; CD-1 mice) augments the DNA-Binding activity of Nrf2, attenuates oxidative brain damage and acute neurological deficits afterintracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), attenuates microglial activation with concomitant reduction in the release of proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β (IL-1β). TBHQ has the efficacy of post-injury administration in attenuating acute neurological injury after ICH.
- Lin-Feng Wang, et al. Tert-butylhydroquinone ameliorates doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity by activating Nrf2 and inducing the expression of its target genes. Am J Transl Res. 2015; 7(10): 1724–1735.
- XIAOJING SHI, et al. Tert-butylhydroquinone attenuates the ethanol-induced apoptosis of and activates the Nrf2 antioxidant defense pathway in H9c2 cardiomyocytes.Int J Mol Med. 2016 Jul; 38(1): 123–130.
- Hu H, et al. Dehydrocorydaline inhibits cell proliferation, migration and invasion via suppressing MEK1/2-ERK1/2 cascade in melanoma.Onco Targets Ther. 2019 Jul 2;12:5163-5175.
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