Catalog No. Size PriceQuantity
M11839-2 2mg solid $105
M11839-10 10mg solid $315


C188-9 is a Stat3 inhibitor, with a Kd of 4.7 nM.

Product information

CAS Number: 432001-19-9

Molecular Weight: 471.52

Formula: C27H21NO5S

Chemical Name: N-{1', 2-dihydroxy-[1, 2'-binaphthalen]-4'-yl}-4-methoxybenzene-1-sulfonamide

Smiles: COC1C=CC(=CC=1)S(=O)(=O)NC1=CC(C2=C3C=CC=CC3=CC=C2O)=C(O)C2=CC=CC=C21


InChi: InChI=1S/C27H21NO5S/c1-33-18-11-13-19(14-12-18)34(31,32)28-24-16-23(27(30)22-9-5-4-8-21(22)24)26-20-7-3-2-6-17(20)10-15-25(26)29/h2-16,28-30H,1H3

Technical Data

Appearance: Solid Power

Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Solubility: DMSO : ≥ 62 mg/mL (131.49 mM)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Drug Formulation: To be determined

HS Tariff Code: 382200

How to use

In Vitro:

C188-9 is a Stat3 inhibitor, with a Kd of 4.7 nM. The IC50s of C188-9 to inhibit Stat3 activation in AML cell lines are in the range of 4-7 μM, and in primary AML samples the IC50s are in the range of 8-18 μM. For apoptosis studies, AML cell lines and primary samples are treated for 24 hours with C188-9, then apoptotic cells are quantified by FACS analysis for annexin V-labeled cells. The EC50s for apoptosis induction are quite variable, ranging from 6 μM to over 50 μM.

In Vivo:

Of the approximately 13, 528 discernible genes, levels of 37 gene transcripts are altered by C188 (17 down and 20 up-regulated, fdr <0.01, fold change≥1.5), of which 7 are known STAT3 gene targets. In comparison, C188-9 affects a much greater number of genes involved in oncogenesis (384 total, 95 down- and 289 up-regulated), including 76 genes previously reported as regulated by STAT3 (38 down-regulated and 38 up-regulated). Among the 38 genes previously shown to be upregulated by STAT3, 24 (63%) genes are downregulated by C188-9 treatment, as expected. Additionally, 10 more genes downregulated by C188-9 (fdr <0.01, fold change≥1.5) that previously are shown to be upregulated by STAT1. Thus, 40 of 48 (83.3%) genes downregulated by C188-9 previously are shown to be positively regulated by STAT1, including sixteen genes shown to be co-regulated by STAT3 and STAT1. This analysis raises the possibility that the effect of C188-9 on gene transcript levels in HNSCC tumors is mediated by its effects on both STAT3 and STAT1.


  1. Silva KA, et al. Inhibition of Stat3 activation suppresses caspase-3 and the ubiquitin-proteasome system, leading to preservation of muscle mass in cancer cachexia. J Biol Chem. 2015 Apr 24;290(17):11177-87.
  2. Redell MS, et al. Stat3 signaling in acute myeloid leukemia: ligand-dependent and -independent activation and induction of apoptosis by a novel small-molecule Stat3 inhibitor. Blood. 2011 May 26;117(21):5701-9.
  3. Bharadwaj U, et al. Small-molecule inhibition of STAT3 in radioresistant head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Oncotarget. 2016 May 3;7(18):26307-30.

Products are for research use only. Not for human use.

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