Saikosaponin D

Catalog No. Size PriceQuantity
M12091-2 2mg solid $95
M12091-10 10mg solid $285


Saikosaponin D is a triterpene saponin isolated from Bupleurum, with anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-tumor, and anti-allergic activities; Saikosaponin D inhibits selectin, STAT3 and NF-kB and activates estrogen receptor-β.

Product information

CAS Number: 20874-52-6

Molecular Weight: 780.98

Formula: C42H68O13

Chemical Name: (2S, 3R, 4S, 5S, 6R)-2-{[(2R, 3R, 4S, 5S, 6R)-3, 5-dihydroxy-2-{[(1S, 2R, 4S, 5R, 8R, 9R, 10S, 13S, 14R, 17S, 18R)-2-hydroxy-9-(hydroxymethyl)-4, 5, 9, 13, 20, 20-hexamethyl-24-oxahexacyclo[, .0, .0, .0, ]tetracos-15-en-10-yl]oxy}-6-methyloxan-4-yl]oxy}-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-3, 4, 5-triol

Smiles: CC1(C)C[C@H]2[C@@]34C=C[C@@H]5[C@@]6(C)CC[C@H](O[C@@H]7O[C@H](C)[C@H](O)[C@H](O[C@@H]8O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]8O)[C@H]7O)[C@@](C)(CO)[C@@H]6CC[C@@]5(C)[C@]3(C)C[C@@H](O)[C@@]2(CO4)CC1


InChi: InChI=1S/C42H68O13/c1-21-28(46)33(55-34-31(49)30(48)29(47)22(18-43)53-34)32(50)35(52-21)54-27-10-11-37(4)23(38(27,5)19-44)8-12-39(6)24(37)9-13-42-25-16-36(2,3)14-15-41(25,20-51-42)26(45)17-40(39,42)7/h9,13,21-35,43-50H,8,10-12,14-20H2,1-7H3/t21-,22-,23-,24-,25-,26-,27+,28+,29-,30+,31-,32-,33+,34+,35+,37+,38+,39-,40+,41-,42+/m1/s1

Technical Data

Appearance: Solid Power

Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Solubility: DMSO : 50 mg/mL (64.02 mM; Need ultrasonic)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Drug Formulation: To be determined

HS Tariff Code: 382200

How to use

In Vitro:

Saikosaponin D (Compound 3) is a triterpene saponin, which inhibits E-selectin, L-selectin and P-selectin binding to THP-1 cells, with IC50s of 1.8 µM, 3.0 µM and 4.3 µM, and such effects are not due to cytotoxic action. Saikosaponin D (1, 5, 10 µM) dose-dependently inhibits the THP-1 adhesion to the HUVECs monolayer activated by TNF-α. Saikosaponin D (30 μM) also inhibits the expression of P-selectin ligand (CD162) in THP-1 cells. Saikosaponin D (5 μM) suppresses the proliferation of HSC-T6 cells induced by H2O2 treatment, reduces the expression levels of α-SMA, TGF-β1, Hyp, COL1 and TIMP-1, and increases MMP-1 expressioon, thus inhibiting H2O2-induced excessive extracellular matrix (ECM) formation, with similar effects to estradiol (E2), and these effects are blocked by ER antagonists. Saikosaponin D also inhibits oxidative stress-induced ROS generation and down reduates MAPK signaling pathway, and the inhibition is also suppressed by ER antagonists.

In Vivo:

Saikosaponin D (2 mg/kg/day, i.p.) shows a protective effect on overdose of acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver injury of mice. Saikosaponin D affects APAP metabolism, increases GSH levels but does not alter PPARα activation. Saikosaponin D (2 mg/kg/day, i.p.) also suppresses APAP-induced increases in the expression of STAT3 target genes and pro-inflammatory cytokines and inhibits APAP-induced activation of STAT3 and NF-kB.


  1. Jang MJ, et al. Saikosaponin D isolated from Bupleurum falcatum inhibits selectin-mediated cell adhesion. Molecules. 2014 Dec 4;19(12):20340-9.
  2. Liu A, et al. Saikosaponin d protects against acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity by inhibiting NF-κB and STAT3 signaling. Chem Biol Interact. 2014 Nov 5;223:80-6.
  3. Que R, et al. Estrogen receptor-β-dependent effects of saikosaponin‑d on the suppression of oxidative stress-induced rat hepatic stellate cell activation. Int J Mol Med. 2018 Mar;41(3):1357-1364.

Products are for research use only. Not for human use.

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