Carnosol is a potent Ribosomal S6 Kinase (RSK2) inhibitor that could be useful for treating gastric cancer, with an IC50 of ~5.5 μM. Carnosol, a Nrf2 activator, increases the nuclear levels of Nrf2 and can promote the expression of heme oxygenase 1 (HMOX1).
CAS Number: 5957-80-2
Molecular Weight: 330.42
Chemical Name: (1R, 8S, 10S)-3, 4-dihydroxy-11, 11-dimethyl-5-(propan-2-yl)-16-oxatetracyclo[184.108.40.206, .0, ]hexadeca-2(7), 3, 5-trien-15-one
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO : ≥ 125 mg/mL (378.31 mM)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
It is showed that carnosol has no cytotoxic effects on GES1 cells and 10 μM carnosol strongly suppresses RSK2 activity, but has little effect on any other kinase. Carnosol exerts strong dose-dependent inhibitory effects against RSK2 autophosphorylation and phosphorylation of its substrate ATF1.
Results indicate that Carnosol significantly decreaseS the volume and weight of gastric tumors relative to the vehicle-treated group. Additionally, mice tolerate treatment with carnosol without significant loss of body weight similar to the vehicle-treated group. The phosphorylation of CREB, a direct downstream protein of RSK2, Is strongly inhibited in the carnosol-treated group but the expression of total CREB is relatively unchanged.
- Wang L, et al. Carnosol suppresses patient-derived gastric tumor growth by targeting RSK2. Oncotarget. 2018 Feb 6;9(76):34200-34212.
- Li X, et al. Carnosol as a Nrf2 Activator Improves Endothelial Barrier Function Through Antioxidative Mechanisms. Int J Mol Sci. 2019;20(4):880. Published 2019 Feb 18.
- Martin D, et al. Regulation of heme oxygenase-1 expression through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway and the Nrf2 transcription factor in response to the antioxidant phytochemical carnosol. J Biol Chem. 2004;279(10):8919-8929.
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