CCCP


Catalog No. Size PriceQuantity
M12332-2 2mg solid $80
M12332-10 10mg solid $240

Description

CCCP is an oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) uncoupler. CCCP induces activation of PINK1 leading to Parkin Ser65 phosphorylation.

Product information

CAS Number: 555-60-2

Molecular Weight: 204.62

Formula: C9H5ClN4

Synonym:

Carbonyl cyanide 3-chlorophenylhydrazone

Carbonyl Cyanide m-Chlorophenylhydrazone

Chemical Name: N-(3-chlorophenyl)-1-cyanomethanecarbohydrazonoyl cyanide

Smiles: N#CC(C#N)=NNC1=CC(Cl)=CC=C1

InChiKey: UGTJLJZQQFGTJD-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChi: InChI=1S/C9H5ClN4/c10-7-2-1-3-8(4-7)13-14-9(5-11)6-12/h1-4,13H

Technical Data

Appearance: Solid Power

Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Solubility: DMSO : ≥ 100 mg/mL (488.71 mM)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Drug Formulation: To be determined

HS Tariff Code: 382200

How to use

In Vitro:

CCCP inhibits IFN-β production induced by various types of the STING pathway activators. CCCP suppresses the phosphorylation of STING, TBK1, and IRF3 via disrupting the association of STING and TBK1. CCCP inhibits activation of STING and its downstream signaling molecules, TBK1 and IRF3, but not STING translocation to the perinuclear region. CCCP impairs the interaction between STING and TBK1 and concomitantly triggers mitochondria fission. Importantly, the knockout of the crucial mitochondria fission regulator Drp1 restored the STING activity, indicating that CCCP down-modulates the STING pathway through DRP1-mediated mitochondria fragmentation. The protonophore CCCP that disrupts membrane potential suppresses the DMXAA-triggered STING signaling pathway. CCCP drastically suppresses the production of IFN-β in DMXAA-treated RAW264.7 cells and MEFs.

In Vivo:

The same dosage of 3 mg/kg.bw each of CCCP and PPEF is used. In both the cases 1 log reduction is observed in the bacterial load. However, when 3 mg/kg.bw of PPEF is used in combination with 3 mg/kg.bw of CCCP, 6 log10 reduction is observed in the bacterial count. The developed model validates the enhanced antibacterial activity of combination therapy[2].99mTc-MIBI signals in the hearts of SD rats administered CCCP (4 mg/kg intraperitoneally) or vehicle is also measured. 99mTc-MIBI signals decrease in rat hearts administered CCCP, and the ATP content, as measured by 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy, decreased simultaneously. To investigate whether CCCP decreased the 99mTc-MIBI signals in rats, we analyzed the radioisotope activity of excised heart tissue from rats administered CCCP. At 180 min after 99mTc-MIBI injection, the 99mTc-MIBI signals from the hearts in the CCCP group are significantly lower than those in the vehicle group.

References:

  1. Kwon D, et al. Carbonyl cyanide 3-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) suppresses STING-mediated DNA sensing pathway through inducing mitochondrial fission. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017 Aug 30. pii: S0006-291X(17)31704-7.
  2. Sinha D, et al. Synergistic efficacy of Bisbenzimidazole and Carbonyl Cyanide 3-Chlorophenylhydrazonecombination against MDR bacterial strains. Sci Rep. 2017 Mar 17;7:44419.
  3. Kawamoto A, et al. Measurement of technetium-99m sestamibi signals in rats administered a mitochondrial uncoupler and in a rat model of heart failure. PLoS One. 2015 Jan 16;10(1):e0117091.

Products are for research use only. Not for human use.

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