Sulforaphane is an isothiocyanate present naturally in widely consumed vegetables. Sulforaphane increases tumor suppressor protein transcription and inhibits histone deacetylase activity. Sulforaphane activates Nrf2 and inhibits high glucose-induced progression of pancreatic cancer via AMPK dependent signaling. Sulforaphane has shown anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activities.
CAS Number: 4478-93-7
Molecular Weight: 177.29
Chemical Name: 1-isothiocyanato-4-methanesulfinylbutane
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO : ≥ 62.5 mg/mL (352.53 mM)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Sulforaphane induces a cell cycle arrest in a dose-dependent manner, followed by cell death. This sulforaphane-induced cell cycle arrest was correlated with an increased expression of cyclins A and B1. Sulforaphane induces cell death via an apoptotic process. Sulforaphane inhibits the reinitiation of growth and diminishes cellular viability in quiescent colon carcinoma cells (HT29) and has a lower toxicity on differentiated CaCo2 cells. Pre-treatment of H9c2 rat myoblasts with sulforaphane decreases the apoptotic cell number and the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins (Bax, caspase-3 and cytochrome c), as well as the doxorubicin-induced increase in mitochondrial membrane potential. Furthermore, sulforaphane increases the mRNA and protein expression of heme oxygenase-1, which consequently reduces the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS, measured using MitoSOX Red reagent) in the mitochondria which are induced by doxorubicin.
Sulforaphane can block the formation of ammary tumors in Sprague-Dawley rats treated with single doses of 9, 10-dimethyl-1, 2-benzanthracene. Administration of sulforaphane reduces the incidence, multiplicity, and weights and delays the development of the mammary tumors evoked by a single dose of DMBA in female Sprague-Dawley rats.
- Gamet-Payrastre L, et al. Sulforaphane, a naturally occurring isothiocyanate, induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in HT29 human colon cancer cells. Cancer Res. 2000 Mar 1;60(5):1426-33.
- Li B, et al. Sulforaphane prevents doxorubicin-induced oxidative stress and cell death in rat H9c2 cells. Int J Mol Med. 2015 Jul;36(1):53-64.
- Zhang Y, et al. Anticarcinogenic activities of sulforaphane and structurally related synthetic norbornylisothiocyanates. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Apr 12;91(8):3147-50.
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