Urolithin A


Catalog No. Size PriceQuantity
M12352-2 2mg solid $105
M12352-10 10mg solid $315

Description

Urolithin A, a gut-microbial metabolite of ellagic acid, exerts anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, and antioxidant properties. Urolithin A induces autophagy and apoptosis, suppresses cell cycle progression, and inhibits DNA synthesis.

Product information

CAS Number: 1143-70-0

Molecular Weight: 228.20

Formula: C13H8O4

Chemical Name: 3, 8-dihydroxy-6H-benzo[c]chromen-6-one

Smiles: OC1C=C2OC(=O)C3C=C(O)C=CC=3C2=CC=1

InChiKey: RIUPLDUFZCXCHM-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChi: InChI=1S/C13H8O4/c14-7-1-3-9-10-4-2-8(15)6-12(10)17-13(16)11(9)5-7/h1-6,14-15H

Technical Data

Appearance: Solid Power

Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Solubility: DMSO : 30 mg/mL (131.46 mM; Need ultrasonic)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Drug Formulation: To be determined

HS Tariff Code: 382200

How to use

In Vitro:

Micromolar urolithin A concentrations induces both autophagy and apoptosis. Urolithin A suppresses cell cycle progression and inhibited DNA synthesis in human sw620 colorectal cancer cells. Urolithin A shows antiproliferative effects and inhibits T24 and Caco-2 cell growth with IC50s of 43.9 and 49 μM, respectively. Urolithin A exerts a dose- and time-dependent significant arrest at G2/M and S phases after treatments with 50 and 100 μM at 24 and 48 h compared to control cells. It induces cell apoptosis with 50 and 100 μM. Urolithin A shows potent antiproliferative activity on HepG2 cells. When cell death is induced by Urolithin A, the expression of β-catenin, c-Myc and Cyclin D1 are decreased and TCF/LEF transcriptional activation is notably down-regulated. Urolithin A also increases protein expression of p53, p38-MAPK and caspase-3, but suppresses expression of NF-κB p65 and other inflammatory mediators.

In Vivo:

The volume of paw edema is reduced at 1 h after oral administration of urolithin A. In addition, plasma in treated mice exhibited significant oxygen radical antioxidant capacity (ORAC) scores with high plasma levels of the unconjugated form at 1 h after oral administration of urolithin A.

References:

  1. Gong Z, et al. Urolithin A attenuates memory impairment and neuroinflammation in APP/PS1 mice.
  2. Wang Y, et al. In vitro antiproliferative and antioxidant effects of urolithin A, the colonic metabolite of ellagic acid, on hepatocellular carcinomas HepG2 cells. Toxicol In Vitro. 2015 Aug;29(5):1107-15.
  3. Zhao W, et al. Metabolite of ellagitannins, urolithin A induces autophagy and inhibits metastasis in human sw620colorectal cancer cells. Mol Carcinog. 2018 Feb;57(2):193-200.
  4. Ishimoto H, et al. In vivo anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of ellagitannin metabolite urolithin A. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2011 Oct 1;21(19):5901-4.

Products are for research use only. Not for human use.

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