Neferine is a major bisbenzylisoquinline alkaloid. Neferine strongly inhibits NF-κB activation.
CAS Number: 2292-16-2
Molecular Weight: 624.77
Chemical Name: 4-[[(1R)-6, 7-dimethoxy-2-methyl-3, 4-dihydro-1H-isoquinolin-1-yl]methyl]-2-[[(1R)-6-methoxy-1-[(4-methoxyphenyl)methyl]-2-methyl-3, 4-dihydro-1H-isoquinolin-7-yl]oxy]phenol
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO : 62 mg/mL (99.24 mM; Need ultrasonic)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Neferine down regulates hypoxia induced NF-κB p65 nuclear translocation and COX-2 expressions. Neferine reduces high-glucose-induced collagen production and inhibits TGF-β1-Smad, ERK and p38 MAPK signaling activation in cardiac fibroblasts. Cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) are cultured in HG medium with varying concentrations of Neferine (1, 2, or 5 μM). CCK-8 assays are carried out at different time points (24, 48, and 72 h). Compared with normal glucose (NG) and osmotic control (OC) treatments, High glucose (30 mM) treatment significantly increases the proliferation of CFs in a time-dependent manner (P<0.05). High glucose (HG)-induced CF proliferation is markedly attenuated by Neferine treatment at either 2 or 5 μM compared with vehicle treatment. However, 1 μM Neferine does not inhibit HG-induced proliferation of CFs. Therefore, 2 and 5 μM Neferine are used in the remaining experiments.
Neferine treatment at both low-dose (60 mg/kg/day by gavage) and high-dose (120 mg/kg/day by gavage) reduces the increment of collagen I, III and TGF-β1 protein expression induced by hyperglycemia.
- Baskaran R, et al. Neferine prevents NF-κB translocation and protects muscle cells from oxidative stress and apoptosis induced by hypoxia. Biofactors. 2016 Jul 8;42(4):407-17.
- Liu X, et al. Neferine inhibits proliferation and collagen synthesis induced by high glucose in cardiac fibroblasts and reduces cardiac fibrosis in diabetic mice. Oncotarget. 2016 Sep 20;7(38):61703-61715.
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