Eugenol is an essential oil found in cloves with antibacterial, anthelmintic and antioxidant activity. Eugenol is shown to inhibit lipid peroxidation.
CAS Number: 97-53-0
Molecular Weight: 164.20
Chemical Name: 2-methoxy-4-(prop-2-en-1-yl)phenol
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO : ≥ 100 mg/mL (609.01 mM)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
The essential oil of O. gratissimum, as well as eugenol, are efficient in inhibiting eclodibility of H. contortus eggs, showing possible utilizations in the treatment of gastrointestinal helmintosis of small ruminants. At 0.50% concentration, the essential oil and eugenol show a maximum eclodibility inhibition. Eugenol inhibits superoxide anion generation in xanthine-xanthine oxidase system to an extent of 50% at concentrations of 250 μM. Eugenol also inhibits the generation of hydroxyl radicals to an extent of 70%. The OH-radical formation measured by the hydroxylation of salicylate to 2, 3-dihydroxy benzoate is inhibited to an extent of 46% by eugenol at 250 μM. Eugenol protects against RS-induced development of IBS-like gastrointestinal dysfunction through modulation of HPA-axis and brain monoaminergic pathways apart from its antioxidant effect. Eugenol (50 mg/kg) reduces 80% of RS-induced increase in fecal pellets similar to that of ondansetron. Eugenol attenuates 80% of stress-induced increase in plasma corticosterone and modulates the serotonergic system in the PFC and amygdala. Eugenol attenuates stress-induced changes in norepinephrine and potentiates the antioxidant defense system in all brain regions.
Eugenol (33 mg/kg) administered orally for 2 days causes significant suppression of knee joint edema, which continues to be significantly reduced at the end of the treatment. After 2 days, eugenol-treated mycobacterial arthritic rats show a marked reduction in paw swelling.
- Pessoa LM, et al. Anthelmintic activity of essential oil of Ocimum gratissimum Linn. and eugenol against Haemonchus contortus. Vet Parasitol. 2002 Oct 16;109(1-2):59-63.
- Reddy AC, et al. Studies on the inhibitory effects of curcumin and eugenol on the formation of reactive oxygenspecies and the oxidation of ferrous iron. Mol Cell Biochem. 1994 Aug 17;137(1):1-8.
- Garabadu D, et al. Protective effect of eugenol against restraint stress-induced gastrointestinal dysfunction: Potential use in irritable bowel syndrome. Pharm Biol. 2015 Jul;53(7):968-74.
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