Clitocine, an adenosine nucleoside analog isolated from mushroom, is a potent and efficacious readthrough agent. Clitocine acts as a suppressor of nonsense mutations and can induce the production of p53 protein in cells harboring p53 nonsense-mutated alleles. Clitocine can induce apoptosis in multidrug-resistant human cancer cells by targeting Mcl-1. Anticancer activity.
CAS Number: 105798-74-1
Molecular Weight: 287.23
Chemical Name: (2R, 3R, 4S, 5R)-2-[(6-amino-5-nitropyrimidin-4-yl)amino]-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolane-3, 4-diol
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO : 250 mg/mL (870.38 mM; Need ultrasonic)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Clitocine incorporation into mRNA is required for premature stop codon readthrough activity, and the presence of clitocine at the third position of a premature stop codon is sufficient to promote robust readthrough. Clitocine (0-0.8 μM; 24 hours) enhances TRAIL-lethality in in LS411N and SW620 cells. Clitocine (0.2μM; 36 hours) significantly potentiates TRAIL-mediated apoptosis.
Citocine (0.3-3 mg/kg; s.c.; five times per week)-induced p53 inhibits CAOV-33p53-UAA136 tumor growth in a xenograft model.
- Friesen WJ, et al. The nucleoside analog clitocine is a potent and efficacious readthrough agent. RNA. 2017;23(4):567-577.
- Sun JG, et al. Clitocine potentiates TRAIL-mediated apoptosis in human colon cancer cells by promoting Mcl-1 degradation. Apoptosis. 2016;21(10):1144-1157.
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