Amiloride hydrochloride dihydrate


Catalog No. Size PriceQuantity
M12682-2 2mg solid $80
M12682-10 10mg solid $240

Description

Amiloride hydrochloride dihydrate (MK-870 hydrochloride dihydrate) is an inhibitor of both epithelial sodium channel (ENaC[1]) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uTPA[2]). Amiloride hydrochloride dihydrate is a blocker of polycystin-2 (PC2; TRPP2[3]) channel.

Product information

CAS Number: 17440-83-4

Molecular Weight: 302.12

Formula: C6H13Cl2N7O3

Synonym:

MK-870 hydrochloride dihydrate

Chemical Name: 3, 5-diamino-N-carbamimidoyl-6-chloropyrazine-2-carboxamide dihydrate hydrochloride

Smiles: O.O.Cl.NC1=NC(N)=C(N=C1Cl)C(=O)NC(N)=N

InChiKey: LTKVFMLMEYCWMK-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChi: InChI=1S/C6H8ClN7O.ClH.2H2O/c7-2-4(9)13-3(8)1(12-2)5(15)14-6(10)11;;;/h(H4,8,9,13)(H4,10,11,14,15);1H;2*1H2

Technical Data

Appearance: Solid Power

Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Solubility: DMSO : 100 mg/mL (330.99 mM; Need ultrasonic and warming) H2O : 2 mg/mL (6.62 mM; Need ultrasonic)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Drug Formulation: To be determined

HS Tariff Code: 382200

How to use

In Vivo:

Amiloride hydrochloride dihydrate is a potent epithelial sodium channels (ENaCs) blocker. Amiloride is highly concentrated in the plasma 15 to 30 minutes following the injections. 2 mg/kg dose of Amiloride hydrochloride dihydrate has no effect on blood pressure, heart rate, mesenteric vascular resistance, or hindquarters vascular resistance as compare to the baseline measurements (n=7). Over a 2 hour period, Amiloride hydrochloride dihydrate elicits negligible responses in arterial pressure (-1±1 mmHg) and heart rate (-10±6 bpm/min) as compare to baseline levels. Results show an Amiloride hydrochloride dihydrate dose-related response pattern for the c-Fos activation in the area postrema (AP). Even at the lowest dose of Amiloride hydrochloride dihydrate (0.1 mg/kg), the number of c-Fos labeled neurons in the AP is statistically different from the control rats at a p<0.01 level.

References:

  1. Miller RL, et al. Blockade of ENaCs by amiloride induces c-Fos activation of the area postrema. Brain Res. 2015 Mar 19;1601:40-51.
  2. Xu LB, et al. Amiloride, a urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uTPA) inhibitor, reduces proteinurea in podocytes. Genet Mol Res. 2015 Aug 14;14(3):9518-29.
  3. Giamarchi A, et al. A polycystin-2 (TRPP2) dimerization domain essential for the function of heteromeric polycystin complexes. EMBO J. 2010 Apr 7;29(7):1176-91.

Products are for research use only. Not for human use.

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