Rosiglitazone hydrochloride

Catalog No. Size PriceQuantity
M12765-2 2mg solid $80
M12765-10 10mg solid $240


Rosiglitazone hydrochloride (BRL 49653 hydrochloride) is a selective, orally active PPARγ agonist with EC50s of 30 nM, 100 nM and 60 nM for PPARγ1, PPARγ2, and PPARγ, respectively. Rosiglitazone hydrochloride binds to PPARγ with a Kd of approximately 40 nM. Rosiglitazone hydrochloride is also an activator of TRPC5 (EC50=~30 μM) and an inhibitor of TRPM3.

Product information

CAS Number: 302543-62-0

Molecular Weight: 393.89

Formula: C18H20ClN3O3S


BRL 49653 hydrochloride

Chemical Name: 5-[(4-{2-[methyl(pyridin-2-yl)amino]ethoxy}phenyl)methyl]-1, 3-thiazolidine-2, 4-dione hydrochloride

Smiles: Cl.CN(CCOC1=CC=C(CC2SC(=O)NC2=O)C=C1)C1=CC=CC=N1


InChi: InChI=1S/C18H19N3O3S.ClH/c1-21(16-4-2-3-9-19-16)10-11-24-14-7-5-13(6-8-14)12-15-17(22)20-18(23)25-15;/h2-9,15H,10-12H2,1H3,(H,20,22,23);1H

Technical Data

Appearance: Solid Power

Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Solubility: Soluble in DMSO

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Drug Formulation: To be determined

HS Tariff Code: 382200

How to use

In Vitro:

Rosiglitazone is a potent and selective activator of PPARγ, with EC50s of 30 nM and 100 nM for PPARγ1 and PPARγ2, respectively, and a Kd of appr 40 nM for PPARγ. Rosiglitazone (BRL49653, 0.1, 1, 10 μM) promotes differentiation of C3H10T1/2 stem cells to adipocytes. Rosiglitazone (Compound 6) activates PPARγ, with an EC50 of 60 nM[2]. Rosiglitazone (1 μM) activates PPARγ, which binds to NF-α1 promoter to activate gene transcription in neurons. Rosiglitazone (1 μM) also protects Neuro2A cells and hippocampal neurons against oxidative stress, and up-regulates BCL-2 expression in an NF-α1-dependent manner. Rosiglitazone completely inhibits TRPM3 with IC50 values of 9.5 and 4.6 μM against nifedipine- and PregS-evoked activity, but such effects are not via PPARγ. Rosiglitazone inhibits TRPM2 at higher concentration, with an IC50 of appr 22.5 μM. Rosiglitazone is a strong stimulator of TRPC5 channels, with an EC50 of ~30 μM.

In Vivo:

Rosiglitazone (5 mg/kg, p.o.) decreases the serum glucose in diabetic rats. Rosiglitazone also decreases IL-6, TNF-α, and VCAM-1 levels in diabetic group. Rosiglitazone in combination with losartan increases glucose compared to diabetic and Los-treated groups. Rosiglitazone significantly ameliorates endothelial dysfunction indicated by a significantly lower contractile response to PE and Ang II and enhancement of ACh-provoked relaxation in aortas isolated from diabetic rats.


  1. Lehmann JM, et al. An antidiabetic thiazolidinedione is a high affinity ligand for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma). J Biol Chem. 1995 Jun 2;270(22):12953-6.
  2. Willson TM, et al. The structure-activity relationship between peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonism and the antihyperglycemic activity of thiazolidinediones. J Med Chem. 1996 Feb 2;39(3):665-8.
  3. Thouennon E, et al. Rosiglitazone-activated PPARγ induces neurotrophic factor-α1 transcription contributing to neuroprotection. J Neurochem. 2015 Aug;134(3):463-70.

Products are for research use only. Not for human use.

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