Forsythoside B

Catalog No. Size PriceQuantity
M12841-2 2mg solid $100
M12841-10 10mg solid $300


Forsythoside B is a phenylethanoid glycoside isolated from the leaves of Lamiophlomis rotata Kudo, a Chinese folk medicinal plant for treating inflammatory diseases and promoting blood circulation. Forsythoside B could inhibit TNF-alpha, IL-6, IκB and modulate NF-κB.

Product information

CAS Number: 81525-13-5

Molecular Weight: 756.70

Formula: C34H44O19

Chemical Name: (2R, 3R, 4R, 5R, 6R)-2-({[(2R, 3R, 4R)-3, 4-dihydroxy-4-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]oxy}methyl)-6-[2-(3, 4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethoxy]-5-hydroxy-4-{[(2S, 3R, 4R, 5R, 6S)-3, 4, 5-trihydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl]oxy}oxan-3-yl (2E)-3-(3, 4-dihydroxyphenyl)prop-2-enoate

Smiles: C[C@@H]1O[C@@H](O[C@H]2[C@H](OC(=O)/C=C/C3=CC(O)=C(O)C=C3)[C@@H](CO[C@@H]3OC[C@](O)(CO)[C@H]3O)O[C@@H](OCCC3C=C(O)C(O)=CC=3)[C@@H]2O)[C@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]1O


InChi: InChI=1S/C34H44O19/c1-15-24(41)25(42)26(43)32(50-15)53-29-27(44)31(47-9-8-17-3-6-19(37)21(39)11-17)51-22(12-48-33-30(45)34(46,13-35)14-49-33)28(29)52-23(40)7-4-16-2-5-18(36)20(38)10-16/h2-7,10-11,15,22,24-33,35-39,41-46H,8-9,12-14H2,1H3/b7-4+/t15-,22+,24-,25+,26+,27+,28+,29+,30-,31+,32-,33+,34+/m0/s1

Technical Data

Appearance: Solid Power

Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Solubility: DMSO : 125 mg/mL (165.19 mM; Need ultrasonic) H2O : 110 mg/mL (145.37 mM; Need ultrasonic)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Drug Formulation: To be determined

HS Tariff Code: 382200

How to use

In Vitro:

Forsythoside B concentration-dependently down-regulates the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and high-mobility group-box 1 protein (HMGB1) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells, inhibits the IκB kinase (IKK) pathway and modulated nuclear factor (NF)- κB.

In Vivo:

Intravenous injection of forsythoside B alone or plus imipenem reduces serum levels of TNF-α, IL-6, HMGB1, triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM-1) and endotoxin, while the serum level of IL-10 is up-regulated and myeloperoxidase (MPO) in lung, liver and small intestine is reduced. Forsythoside B at doses higher than 8 mg/kg produces a significant neuroprotective potential in cerebral ischemia and reperfusion rats. Forsythoside B (20 mg/kg) demonstrates significant neuroprotective activity even after delayed administration at 1 h, 3 h and 5 h after cerebral ischemia and reperfusion. Forsythoside B 20 mg/kg attenuates histopathological damage as demonstrated by smaller brain infarct size and brain edema, decreased cerebral Evans blue extravasation and myeloperoxidase activity, inhibited cerebral phosphor-IκB-α and NF-κB expression. Forsythoside B shows a significant recovery in myocardial function with improvement of LVSP and +/-dp/dt(max). The myocardial infarct volume, serum levels of Tn-T, TNF-alpha and IL-6, content of MDA and MPO activity in myocardial tissue are all reduced, protein expression of HMGB1, phosphor-I kappaB-alpha and phosphor-NF-kappaB are down-regulated, while attenuate the decrease of SOD and GPx activities.


  1. Jiang WL, et al. Forsythoside B protects against experimental sepsis by modulating inflammatory factors. Phytother Res. 2012 Jul;26(7):981-7.
  2. Jiang WL, et al. Neuroprotective efficacy and therapeutic window of Forsythoside B: in a rat model of cerebral ischemia and reperfusion injury. Eur J Pharmacol. 2010 Aug 25;640(1-3):75-81.
  3. Jiang WL, et al. Cardioprotection with forsythoside B in rat myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury: relation to inflammation response. Phytomedicine. 2010 Jul;17(8-9):635-9.

Products are for research use only. Not for human use.

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