Catalog No. Size PriceQuantity
M12849-2 2mg solid $135
M12849-10 10mg solid $405


Homoplantaginin is a flavonoid from a traditional Chinese medicine Salvia plebeia with antiinflammatory and antioxidant properties. Homoplantaginin could inhibit TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA expression, IKKβ and NF-κB phosphorylation.

Product information

CAS Number: 17680-84-1

Molecular Weight: 462.40

Formula: C22H22O11

Chemical Name: 5-hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-6-methoxy-7-{[(2S, 3R, 4S, 5S, 6R)-3, 4, 5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-4H-chromen-4-one

Smiles: COC1=C(C=C2OC(=CC(=O)C2=C1O)C1C=CC(O)=CC=1)O[C@@H]1O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]1O


InChi: InChI=1S/C22H22O11/c1-30-21-14(32-22-20(29)19(28)17(26)15(8-23)33-22)7-13-16(18(21)27)11(25)6-12(31-13)9-2-4-10(24)5-3-9/h2-7,15,17,19-20,22-24,26-29H,8H2,1H3/t15-,17-,19+,20-,22-/m1/s1

Technical Data

Appearance: Solid Power

Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Solubility: DMSO : 50 mg/mL (108.13 mM; Need ultrasonic)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Drug Formulation: To be determined

HS Tariff Code: 382200

How to use

In Vitro:

Homoplantaginin shows IC50 of reduction level of DPPH radical at 0.35 μg/mL. In human hepatocyte HL-7702 cells exposed to H2O2, the addition of 0.1-100μg/mL of homoplantaginin significantly reduces lactate dehydrogenase leakage, and increases glutathione, glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase in supernatant. Homoplantaginin (0.1, 1, 10 μM) dose-dependently reduces expression of toll-like receptor-4 evoked by palmitic acid (100 μM). Homoplantaginin tightly controlls palmitic acid-induced reactive oxygen species to prevent nucleotide-binding domain-like receptor 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation by suppressing reactive oxygen species-sensitive thioredoxin-interacting protein, NLRP3, and caspase-1. Pre-treatment of homoplantaginin on human umbilical vein endothelial cells significantly inhibits palmitic acid induced TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA expression, and IKKβ and NF-κB p65 phosphorylation. Homoplantaginin significantly modulates the Ser/Thr phosphorylation of IRS-1, improves phosphorylation of Akt and endothelial nitric oxide synthase, and increases NO production in the presence of insulin.

In Vivo:

Homoplantaginin(25-100mg/kg) significantly reducesthe increase in serum alanine aminotranseferase and aspartate aminotransferase, decreases the levels of TNF-α and IL-1. The same treatment also reduces the content of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, elevates the levels of GSH, GSH-Px and SOD in hepatic homogenate. Homoplantaginin is rapidly absorbed (Tmax=16.00±8.94min), reaching a mean Cmax between 0.77 and 1.27nmol/mL. The absolute oral bioavailability is calculated to be only 0.75%.


  1. Qu XJ, et al. Protective effects of Salvia plebeia compound homoplantaginin on hepatocyte injury. Food Chem Toxicol. 2009 Jul;47(7):1710-5.
  2. He B, et al. Homoplantaginin Inhibits Palmitic Acid-induced Endothelial Cells Inflammation by Suppressing TLR4 and NLRP3 Inflammasome. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2016 Jan;67(1):93-101.
  3. Cong Y, et al. Pharmacokinetics of homoplantaginin in rats following intravenous, peritoneal injection and oral administration. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2016 Sep 10;129:405-9.

Products are for research use only. Not for human use.

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