Cynaropicrin is a sesquiterpene lactone which can inhibit tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) release with IC50s of 8.24 and 3.18 μM for murine and human macrophage cells, respectively. Cynaropicrin also inhibits the increase of cartilage degradation factor (MMP13) and suppresses NF-κB signaling.
CAS Number: 35730-78-0
Molecular Weight: 346.37
Chemical Name: (3aR, 4S, 6aR, 8S, 9aR, 9bR)-8-hydroxy-3, 6, 9-trimethylidene-2-oxo-dodecahydroazuleno[4, 5-b]furan-4-yl 2-(hydroxymethyl)prop-2-enoate
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO : ≥ 50 mg/mL (144.35 mM)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Cynaropicrin strongly inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced TNF-α release from either murine or human macrophage cells in a dose-dependent manner with the IC50 values of 8.24 and 3.18 μM, respectively. Cynaropicrin shows significant inhibitory effects toward all mitogenic signals with the IC50 values of 1.20 (concanavalin A), 1.02 (phytohemagglutinin) and 0.90 μM (lipopolysaccharide), respectively. Cynaropicrin suppresses CTLL-2 cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner and the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of Cynaropicrin for CTLL-2 cell growth is 0.91 μM. The increased mRNA expression of MMP13 induced by TNF-α is similarly inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner by Cynaropicrin. The increased mRNA expression of HIF-2α induced by IL-1β in SW1353 is inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner by Cynaropicrin.
- Cho JY, et al. In vitro anti-inflammatory effects of cynaropicrin, a sesquiterpene lactone, from Saussurea lappa. Eur J Pharmacol. 2000 Jun 23;398(3):399-407.
- Masutani T, et al. Cynaropicrin is dual regulator for both degradation factors and synthesis factors in the cartilage metabolism. Life Sci. 2016 Aug 1;158:70-7.
- da Silva CF, et al. Activities of psilostachyin A and cynaropicrin against Trypanosoma cruzi in vitro and in vivo. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2013 Nov;57(11):5307-14.
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