β-Amyloid 1-16


Catalog No. Size PriceQuantity
M13046-2 Contact sales@xcessbio.com for quotation $100
M13046-10 Contact sales@xcessbio.com for quotation $100

Description

β-Amyloid (1-16) is a β-Amyloid protein fragment involved in metal binding. Beta-amyloid is a peptide that forms amyloid plaques in the brains of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients.

Product information

CAS Number: 131580-10-4

Molecular Weight: 1955.01

Formula: C84H119N27O28

Synonym:

Amyloid β-Protein (1-16)

Chemical Name: 6-amino-2-[[5-amino-2-[[2-[[2-[[2-[[2-[[2-[[2-[[2-[[2-[[2-[[2-[[2-[[2-[2-[(2-amino-3-carboxypropanoyl)amino]propanoylamino]-4-carboxybutanoyl]amino]-3-phenylpropanoyl]amino]-5-carbamimidamidopentanoyl]amino]-3-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)propanoyl]amino]-3-carboxypropanoyl]amino]-3-hydroxypropanoyl]amino]acetyl]amino]-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoyl]amino]-4-carboxybutanoyl]amino]-3-methylbutanoyl]amino]-3-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)propanoyl]amino]-3-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)propanoyl]amino]-5-oxopentanoyl]amino]hexanoic acid

Smiles: CC(C)C(NC(=O)C(CCC(O)=O)NC(=O)C(CC1C=CC(O)=CC=1)NC(=O)CNC(=O)C(CO)NC(=O)C(CC(O)=O)NC(=O)C(CC1=CNC=N1)NC(=O)C(CCCNC(N)=N)NC(=O)C(CC1C=CC=CC=1)NC(=O)C(CCC(O)=O)NC(=O)C(C)NC(=O)C(N)CC(O)=O)C(=O)NC(CC1=CNC=N1)C(=O)NC(CC1=CNC=N1)C(=O)NC(CCC(N)=O)C(=O)NC(CCCCN)C(O)=O

InChiKey: PKSRFXGDLPWBBS-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChi: InChI=1S/C84H119N27O28/c1-41(2)68(82(137)109-59(30-47-35-92-40-97-47)80(135)107-57(28-45-33-90-38-95-45)78(133)102-51(18-21-62(87)114)73(128)104-54(83(138)139)12-7-8-24-85)111-75(130)53(20-23-65(118)119)103-76(131)55(27-44-14-16-48(113)17-15-44)99-63(115)36-94-71(126)61(37-112)110-81(136)60(32-67(122)123)108-79(134)58(29-46-34-91-39-96-46)106-72(127)50(13-9-25-93-84(88)89)101-77(132)56(26-43-10-5-4-6-11-43)105-74(129)52(19-22-64(116)117)100-69(124)42(3)98-70(125)49(86)31-66(120)121/h4-6,10-11,14-17,33-35,38-42,49-61,68,112-113H,7-9,12-13,18-32,36-37,85-86H2,1-3H3,(H2,87,114)(H,90,95)(H,91,96)(H,92,97)(H,94,126)(H,98,125)(H,99,115)(H,100,124)(H,101,132)(H,102,133)(H,103,131)(H,104,128)(H,105,129)(H,106,127)(H,107,135)(H,108,134)(H,109,137)(H,110,136)(H,111,130)(H,116,117)(H,118,119)(H,120,121)(H,122,123)(H,138,139)(H4,88,89,93)

Technical Data

Appearance: Solid Power

Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Solubility: To be determined

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Drug Formulation: To be determined

HS Tariff Code: 382200

How to use

In Vivo:

β-amyloid (1-16) fragment is considered as valid models to examine the contribution of the key histidine residues (His , His in mouse and His , His , His in human fragments) to the Ab–Cu2+ interaction. Oxidation targets for β-Amyloid (1-16) are the histidine residues coordinated to the metal ions. Copper is bound to Aβ in senile plaque of Alzheimer’s disease with β-Amyloid (1-16) taking part in the coordination of the Cu2+ ions. Cu2+ and Zn2+ are linked with the neurotoxicity of -Amyloid and free radical damage. β-amyloid (1-16) is the minimal amino acidic sequence display a Cu coordination mode which involves three Histidines (His6, His13 and His14). β-amyloid (1-16) is supposed to be involved in metal binding. Human β-amyloid interacts with zinc ions through its metal-binding domain 1-16. The C-tails of the two polypeptide chains of the rat Aβ(1-16) dimer are oriented in opposite directions to each other, which hinders the assembly of rat Aβ dimers into oligomeric aggregates. Thus, the differences in the structure of zinc-binding sites of human and rat β-Amyloid (1-16), their ability to form regular cross-monomer bonds, and the orientation of their hydrophobic C-tails could be responsible for the resistance of rats to Alzheimer's disease.

References:

  1. Kowalik-Jankowska T, et al. Coordination abilities of the 1-16 and 1-28 fragments of beta-amyloid peptide towards copper(II) ions: a combined potentiometric and spectroscopic study. J Inorg Biochem. 2003 Jul 1;95(4):270-82.
  2. Minicozzi V, et al. Identifying the minimal copper- and zinc-binding site sequence in amyloid-beta peptides. J Biol Chem. 2008 Apr 18;283(16):10784-92.
  3. Istrate AN, et al. NMR solution structure of rat aβ(1-16): toward understanding the mechanism of rats' resistance to Alzheimer's disease. Biophys J. 2012 Jan 4;102(1):136-43.

Products are for research use only. Not for human use.

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