Raloxifene 6-glucuronide


Catalog No. Size PriceQuantity
M13237-2 Contact sales@xcessbio.com for quotation $100
M13237-10 Contact sales@xcessbio.com for quotation $100

Description

Raloxifene 6-glucuronide is a primary metabolite of Raloxifene. Raloxifene 6-glucuronide is mediated mostly by UGT1A1 and UGT1A8. Raloxifene 6-glucuronide binds to estrogen receptor with an IC50 of 290 μM. Raloxifene is a selective and nonsteroidal estrogen receptor modulator. Raloxifene activates TGFβ3 promoter as a full agonist at nanomolar concentrations, and inhibits the estrogen response element-containing vitellogenin promoter expression.

Product information

CAS Number: 174264-50-7

Molecular Weight: 649.71

Formula: C34H35NO10S

Chemical Name: (2S,3S,4S,5R,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-{[2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3-{4-[2-(piperidin-1-yl)ethoxy]benzoyl}-1-benzothiophen-6-yl]oxy}oxane-2-carboxylic acid

Smiles: OC(=O)[C@H]1O[C@@H](OC2C=C3SC(=C(C3=CC=2)C(=O)C2C=CC(=CC=2)OCCN2CCCCC2)C2C=CC(O)=CC=2)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1O

InChiKey: MZPMSLSINDGEPM-WKRHDJAJSA-N

InChi: InChI=1S/C34H35NO10S/c36-21-8-4-20(5-9-21)32-26(27(37)19-6-10-22(11-7-19)43-17-16-35-14-2-1-3-15-35)24-13-12-23(18-25(24)46-32)44-34-30(40)28(38)29(39)31(45-34)33(41)42/h4-13,18,28-31,34,36,38-40H,1-3,14-17H2,(H,41,42)/t28-,29-,30+,31-,34+/m0/s1

Technical Data

Appearance: Solid Power

Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Solubility: Soluble in DMSO

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Drug Formulation: To be determined

HS Tariff Code: 382200

How to use

In Vitro:

Expressed UGT1A8 catalyzes Raloxifene 6-glucuronide with an apparent Km of 7.9 μM and a Vmax of 0.61 nmol/min/mg of protein. Based on rates of Raloxifene glucuronidation and known extrahepatic expression, UGT1A8 and 1A10 appear to be primary contributors to Raloxifene glucuronidation in human jejunum microsomes. For human liver microsomes, the variability of Raloxifene 6-glucuronide formation is 3-fold. Correlation analyses reveals that UGT1A1 is responsible for Raloxifene 6-glucuronide but not Raloxifene 4'-glucuronide in liver. Treatment of expressed UGTs with alamethicin results in minor increases in enzyme activity, whereas in human intestinal microsomes, maximal increases of 8-fold for the Raloxifene 6-glucuronide are observed. Intrinsic clearance values in intestinal microsomes are 17 μl/min/mg for the Raloxifene 6-glucuronide.

References:

  1. Izgelov D, et al. The Effect of Piperine Pro-Nano Lipospheres on Direct Intestinal Phase II Metabolism: The Raloxifene Paradigm of Enhanced Oral Bioavailability. Mol Pharm. 2018 Apr 2;15(4):1548-1555.
  2. Kemp DC, et al. Characterization of raloxifene glucuronidation in vitro: contribution of intestinal metabolism to presystemic clearance. Drug Metab Dispos. 2002 Jun;30(6):694-700.
  3. Yang NN, et al. Estrogen and raloxifene stimulate transforming growth factor-beta 3 gene expression in rat bone: a potential mechanism for estrogen- or raloxifene-mediated bone maintenance. Endocrinology. 1996 May;137(5):2075-84.

Products are for research use only. Not for human use.

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