5,6-Dihydroxyindole, a melanin precursor, has a broad-spectrum antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antiparasitic activity. 5,6-Dihydroxyindole has cytotoxic effects and is strongly toxic against various pathogens.
CAS Number: 3131-52-0
Molecular Weight: 149.15
Chemical Name: 1H-indole-5,6-diol
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO : 50 mg/mL (335.23 mM; Need ultrasonic). H2O : < 0.1 mg/mL (insoluble).
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
5,6-Dihydroxyindole (1, 10, 20, 50, 100 μM; for 4 hours) dose-dependently decreases OD492 values. Pretreatment of Sf9 cells with 1.0 mM 5,6-Dihydroxyindole for 4 hours results in 97% mortality, and LC50 values of 20.3 μM in buffer and 131.8 μM in a culture medium. Preincubation of a baculovirus stock with 1.25 mM 5,6-Dihydroxyindole for 3 hours near fully disables recombinant protein production. The LC50 for lambda bacteriophage and eggs of the wasp Microplitis demolitor are 5.6 and 111.0 μM, respectively. 5,6-Dihydroxyindole and its spontaneous oxidation products are also active against viruses and parasitic wasps.
- Zhao P, et al. Antiviral, anti-parasitic, and cytotoxic effects of 5,6-dihydroxyindole (DHI), a reactive compound generated by phenoloxidase during insect immune response. Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2011 Sep;41(9):645-52.
- Heiduschka P, et al. Melanin precursor 5,6-dihydroxyindol: protective effects and cytotoxicity on retinal cells in vitroand in vivo. Toxicol Pathol. 2007 Dec;35(7):1030-8.
Products are for research use only. Not for human use.
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