β-nicotinamide mononucleotide (β-NM) is a product of the nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) reaction and a key NAD(+) intermediate. The pharmacological activities of β-nicotinamide mononucleotide include its role in cellular biochemical functions, cardioprotection, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, and complications associated with obesity.
CAS Number: 1094-61-7
Molecular Weight: 334.22
Chemical Name: 3-carbamoyl-1-[(2R,3R,4S,5R)-5-[(hydrogen phosphonatooxy)methyl]-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]-1λ⁵-pyridin-1-ylium
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: H2O : 83.33 mg/mL (249.33 mM; Need ultrasonic).
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
β-nicotinamide mononucleotide has several beneficial pharmacological activities. Mostly mediated by its involvement in NAD+ biosynthesis, the pharmacological activities of NMN include its role in cellular biochemical functions, cardioprotection, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, and complications associated with obesity. The intracellular NAD+ levels are significantly decreased by knockdown or knockout of Nampt (Nampt KD or Nampt KO) or treatment with Nampt inhibitor FK866, whereas NAD+ levels are dramatically increased by supplement of NAD+ precursors NAM or NMN (0.5–1 mM). NAD+ precursor NMN treatment inhibited CD8+ T cells activation and function.
β-Nicotinamide mononucleotide (500 mg/kg; i.p.; 3 times per week for 7-10 week) prevents mtDNA damage and Dox-induced cardiac dysfunction. Nampt KO markedly inhibits tumor progression, whereas Nampt metabolite β-Nicotinamide mononucleotide (300 mg/kg body weight; i.p.; once every two days for 2 weeks) significantly promotes tumor growth in C57BL/6 mice (bearing wildtype Hepa1-6 cells). The reduction and increase in NAD+ level of respective Nampt KO and β-Nicotinamide mononucleotide-treated tumors are confirmed. β-nicotinamide mononucleotide ameliorates glucose intolerance by restoring NAD(+) levels in HFD-induced T2D mice. β-nicotinamide mononucleotide also enhances hepatic insulin sensitivity and restores gene expression related to oxidative stress, inflammatory response, and circadian rhythm, partly through SIRT1 activation.
- Poddar SK, et al. Nicotinamide Mononucleotide: Exploration of Diverse Therapeutic Applications of a Potential Molecule. Biomolecules. 2019;9(1):34. Published 2019 Jan 21.
- Lv H, et al. NAD+ Metabolism Maintains Inducible PD-L1 Expression to Drive Tumor Immune Evasion [published online ahead of print, 2020 Nov 3]. Cell Metab. 2020;S1550-4131(20)30554-4.
- Li J, et al. p53 prevents doxorubicin cardiotoxicity independently of its prototypical tumor suppressor activities. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019;116(39):19626-19634.
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