Fructosyl-lysine dihydrochloride

Catalog No. Size PriceQuantity
M13644-2 2mg solid $525
M13644-10 10mg solid $2,100


Fructosyl-lysine (Fructoselysine) dihydrochloride is an amadori glycation product from the reaction of glucose and lysine by the Maillard reaction. Fructosyl-lysine dihydrochloride is the precursor to glucosepane, a lysine–arginine protein cross-link that can be an indicator in diabetes detection.

Product information

CAS Number: 96192-35-7

Molecular Weight: 381.25

Formula: C12H26Cl2N2O7

Chemical Name: (2S)-2-amino-6-{[(3S,4R,5R)-3,4,5,6-tetrahydroxy-2-oxohexyl]amino}hexanoic acid; bis(chlorohydrogen)

Smiles: Cl.Cl.N[C@@H](CCCCNCC(=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H](O)CO)C(O)=O


InChi: InChI=1S/C12H24N2O7.2ClH/c13-7(12(20)21)3-1-2-4-14-5-8(16)10(18)11(19)9(17)6-15;;/h7,9-11,14-15,17-19H,1-6,13H2,(H,20,21);2*1H/t7-,9+,10+,11+;;/m0../s1

Technical Data

Appearance: Solid Power

Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Drug Formulation: To be determined

HS Tariff Code: 382200

How to use

In Vitro:

Fructosyl-lysine dihydrochloride (5 mM; 0.5 hours) catalyzes the ATP-dependent conversion of [14C]fructoselysine to anionic products suggesting the existence of a fructoselysine-kinase activity in E .coli extracts. Fructosyl-lysine dihydrochloride (100 μM; 1 hour) contains a carbohydrate moiety and appears to be phosphorylated, it can be converted to glucose 6-phosphate in bacterial extracts in E .coli extracts. Fructosyl-lysine dihydrochloride (25 mM; 25 hours) lets E. coli growth at a rate of about one-third of that observed with glucose as a carbon source. Lysine itself does not support growth in the absence of other carbon source and does not affect the growth observed with glucose.

In Vivo:

Fructosyl-lysine dihydrochloride and AGE residues is increased markedly in glomeruli, retina, sciatic nerve, and plasma protein in diabetic rats.


  1. Rabbani N, et al. Hidden complexities in the measurement of fructosyl-lysine and advanced glycation end products for risk prediction of vascular complications of diabetes. Diabetes. 2015 Jan;64(1):9-11.
  2. Karachalias N, et al. Accumulation of fructosyl-lysine and advanced glycation end products in the kidney, retina and peripheral nerve of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Biochem Soc Trans. 2003 Dec;31(Pt 6):1423-5.

Products are for research use only. Not for human use.

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