Glycocholic acid is a bile acid with anticancer activity, targeting against pump resistance-related and non-pump resistance-related pathways.
CAS Number: 475-31-0
Molecular Weight: 465.62
Chemical Name: 2-[(4R)-4-[(1R,3aS,3bR,4R,5aS,7R,9aS,9bS,11S,11aR)-3a,3b,5a,9b-tetrahydrogenio-4,7,11-trihydroxy-9a,11a-dimethyl-hexadecahydro-1H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-1-yl]pentanamido]acetic acid
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO : ≥ 100 mg/mL (214.77 mM).
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Glycocholic acid (GC) increases the cytotoxicity of epirubicin, significantly increases the intracellular accumulation of epirubicin in Caco-2 cells and the absorption of epirubicin in rat small intestine, and intensified epirubicin-induced apoptosis. Glycocholic acid and epirubicin significantly reduce mRNA expression levels of human intestinal MDR1, MDR-associated protein (MRP)1, and MRP2; downregulate the MDR1 promoter region; suppress the mRNA expression of Bcl-2; induce the mRNA expression of Bax; and significantly increase the Bax-to-Bcl-2 ratio and the mRNA levels of p53, caspase-9 and -3. A combination of anticancer drugs with Glycocholic acid can control MDR via a mechanism that involves modulating P-gp and MRPs as well as regulating apoptosis-related pathways.
- Lo YL, et al. Inhibit multidrug resistance and induce apoptosis by using glycocholic acid and epirubicin. Eur J Pharm Sci. 2008 Sep 2;35(1-2):52-67.
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