Glycocholic acid

Catalog No. Size PriceQuantity
M13662-2 2mg solid $80
M13662-10 10mg solid $240


Glycocholic acid is a bile acid with anticancer activity, targeting against pump resistance-related and non-pump resistance-related pathways.

Product information

CAS Number: 475-31-0

Molecular Weight: 465.62

Formula: C26H43NO6

Chemical Name: 2-[(4R)-4-[(1R,3aS,3bR,4R,5aS,7R,9aS,9bS,11S,11aR)-3a,3b,5a,9b-tetrahydrogenio-4,7,11-trihydroxy-9a,11a-dimethyl-hexadecahydro-1H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-1-yl]pentanamido]acetic acid

Smiles: C[C@H](CCC(=O)NCC(O)=O)[C@H]1CC[C@H]2[C@H]3[C@H](C[C@H](O)[C@@]21C)[C@@]1(C)CC[C@@H](O)C[C@H]1C[C@H]3O


InChi: InChI=1S/C26H43NO6/c1-14(4-7-22(31)27-13-23(32)33)17-5-6-18-24-19(12-21(30)26(17,18)3)25(2)9-8-16(28)10-15(25)11-20(24)29/h14-21,24,28-30H,4-13H2,1-3H3,(H,27,31)(H,32,33)/t14-,15+,16-,17-,18+,19+,20-,21+,24+,25+,26-/m1/s1

Technical Data

Appearance: Solid Power

Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Solubility: DMSO : ≥ 100 mg/mL (214.77 mM).

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Drug Formulation: To be determined

HS Tariff Code: 382200

How to use

In Vitro:

Glycocholic acid (GC) increases the cytotoxicity of epirubicin, significantly increases the intracellular accumulation of epirubicin in Caco-2 cells and the absorption of epirubicin in rat small intestine, and intensified epirubicin-induced apoptosis. Glycocholic acid and epirubicin significantly reduce mRNA expression levels of human intestinal MDR1, MDR-associated protein (MRP)1, and MRP2; downregulate the MDR1 promoter region; suppress the mRNA expression of Bcl-2; induce the mRNA expression of Bax; and significantly increase the Bax-to-Bcl-2 ratio and the mRNA levels of p53, caspase-9 and -3. A combination of anticancer drugs with Glycocholic acid can control MDR via a mechanism that involves modulating P-gp and MRPs as well as regulating apoptosis-related pathways.


  1. Lo YL, et al. Inhibit multidrug resistance and induce apoptosis by using glycocholic acid and epirubicin. Eur J Pharm Sci. 2008 Sep 2;35(1-2):52-67.

Products are for research use only. Not for human use.

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