Piperoxan (Benodaine) hydrochloride is an α2 adrenoceptor antagonist. Piperoxan hydrochloride is the first-generation antihistamine.
CAS Number: 135-87-5
Molecular Weight: 269.77
Chemical Name: 1-[(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-2-yl)methyl]piperidine hydrochloride
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO : ≥ 31 mg/mL (114.91 mM). H2O : 50 mg/mL (185.34 mM; Need ultrasonic).
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
When the medulla is superfused with α2 adrenoceptor antagonist Piperoxane (50 μM; 5 min) while the pons is with artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF), the three inactive preparations display rhythmic phrenic bursts at a low frequency (2-4 c/min), and the phrenic burst frequency of the 12 active ones significantly increases during the last 3 min of Piperoxane applications (163±12% of the previous mean frequency). In active medullary preparations, the effects of NA applications (25 μM; 5 min) are compared when the preparations sre superfused either by ACSF (n=8) or by the α2 adrenoceptor antagonist Piperoxane (50 μM; PIP-ACSF; n=5). NA applications either alone (NA-ACSF) or with Piperoxane (PIP-ACSF+NA) significantly increases the phrenic burst frequency. However, the blockage of the medullary α2 adrenoceptors by Piperoxane potentiates a phrenic burst frequency increase: during the fifth minute of NA applications, the phrenic burst frequency reached 171±11% of the mean control value when ACSF is applied alone and 234±21% of the mean control value when PIP-ACSF is applied in control condition.
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