Catalog No. Size PriceQuantity
M22390-C Contact sales@xcessbio.com for quotation $100Unavailable


2-Hydroxyestradiol is an angiogenesis inhibitor via the HIF-1a pathway. HIF-1a, a basic helix-loop-helix PAS domain containing protein, is reported as the master transcriptional regulator of cellular and developmental response to hypoxia. In vitro: In vitro evidences suggested that most of the cellular effects of 2-hydroxyestradiol were mediated by 2-methoxyestradiol, a metabolite of 2-hydroxyestradiol as an anti-cancer agent acting as an angiogenesis inhibitor via the HIF-1a pathway. Inhibition of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), the enzyme methylating 2-hydroxyestradiol to 2-methoxyestradiol, blocked the ability of 2-hydroxyestradiol to inhibit growth of vascular smooth muscle cells, cardiac fibroblasts, as well as renal mesangial cells. Moreover, 2-hydroxyestradiol could inhibit vascular smooth muscle cell growth in cells obtained from wild-type mice but not in cells cultured from COMT knockout mice. In contrast to 2OHE, treatment of vascular smooth muscle cells with 2-methoxyestradiol inhibited serum-induced growth of cells from both wild-type and COMTknockout mice . In vivo: Animal study showed that after administration of 2-hydroxyestradiol, plasma levels of 2-hydroxyestradiol declined extremely rapidly. Concomitant with the disappearance of 2-hydroxyestradiol, 2-methoxyestradiol occurred and then declined. After administration of 2-methoxyestradiol, plasma levels of 2MEOE declined with a plasma CL of 50 ml min(-1) kg(-1). We could not detect 2-hydroxyestradiol in plasma from rats receiving 2-methoxyestradiol. Thus, the authors conclude that the conversion of 2-hydroxyestradiol to 2-methoxyestradiol was so efficient, and the administration of 2-hydroxyestradiol is bioequivalent to administration of 2-methoxyestradiol itself . Clinical trial: So far, no clinical study has been conducted.

Product information

CAS Number: 362-05-0

Molecular Weight: 288.38

Formula: C18H24O3

Chemical Name: (1S,3aS,3bR,9bS,11aS)-11a-methyl-1H,2H,3H,3aH,3bH,4H,5H,9bH,10H,11H,11aH-cyclopenta[a]phenanthrene-1,7,8-triol

Smiles: C[C@]12CC[C@H]3[C@@H](CCC4=CC(O)=C(O)C=C43)[C@@H]1CC[C@@H]2O


InChi: InChI=1S/C18H24O3/c1-18-7-6-11-12(14(18)4-5-17(18)21)3-2-10-8-15(19)16(20)9-13(10)11/h8-9,11-12,14,17,19-21H,2-7H2,1H3/t11-,12+,14-,17-,18-/m0/s1

Technical Data

Appearance: Solid Power

Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Drug Formulation: To be determined

HS Tariff Code: 382200

Products are for research use only. Not for human use.

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