|Solubility:||DMSO up to 50 mM|
|Storage:||Powder: 4oC 1 year. DMSO: 4oC 3 month; -20oC 1 year.|
IRE-3 is a highly potent and selective small molecule modulator of IRE1α. Under endoplasmic reticulum stress, unfolded protein accumulation leads to activation of the endoplasmic reticulum transmembrane kinase/endoRNase (RNase) IRE1α. IRE1α oligomerizes, autophosphorylates and initiates splicing of XBP1 mRNA, thus triggering the unfolded protein response (UPR). Interestingly, IRE-3 inhibits the XBP1 mRNA splicing through binding to the IRE1α ATP-binding site, even under endoplasmic reticulum stress. It shows dose-dependent reduction of IRE1α kinase autophosphorylation in vitro with IC50~3.12 µM. IRE-3 can also block enzymatic activities of IRE1α in INS-1 rat insulinoma cell lines. As dysregulation of the UPR has been implicated in a variety of cell degenerative and neoplastic disorders, small molecule modulators of IRE1α, such as IRE-3 and APY-29, serve as useful tools to understand the UPR's role in pathophysiology and to develop drugs for endoplasmic reticulum stress-related diseases.
How to Use:
- In vitro: IRE-3 was used at 10-20 µM in vitro and in cellular assays.
- In vivo: n/a
- 1. Wang L, et al. Divergent allosteric control of the IRE1α endoribonuclease using kinase inhibitors. (2012) Nat Chem Biol. 8(12):982-9.
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