Harmine --- DYRK1A Inhibitor

Catalog No. size PriceQuantity
M60241-5S 5 mg solid $79
M60241-10S 10 mg solid $324


Harmine is a potent, selective and orally bioavailable DYRK1A inhibitor with IC50 of 80 nM. It inhibits phosphorylation of tau directly by DYRK1A (IC50 ~700 nM). It has >10-fold selectivity over DYRK3 and DYRK2 (IC50 ~800 nM and 900 nM respectively. Harmine is also a unique regulator of PPARγ expression that acts by inhibiting the Wnt signalling pathway in a cell-specific manner. It attenuates inflammatory gene expression (TNFα, IL-1β, iNOS) and macrophage accumulation in adipose tissue. Administration of harmine (30 mg/kg) to obese db/db mice resulted in reduced blood glucose, free fatty acids, and triglyceride levels, delayed hyperglycemia, and improved insulin sensitivity. Being function as a new class of human beta cell mitogenic compound, by using three different mouse and human islet in vivo-based models, harmine is able to induce beta cell proliferation, increase islet mass and improve glycemic control. The nuclear factors of activated T cells (NFAT) family of transcription factors are defined as likely mediators of human beta cell proliferation and differentiation.

Product information

CAS Number: 442-51-3

Molecular Weight: 212.25

Formula: C13H12N2O

Chemical Name: 7-methoxy-1-methyl-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole

Smiles: CC1=NC=CC2=C1NC1=CC(=CC=C21)OC


InChi: InChI=1S/C13H12N2O/c1-8-13-11(5-6-14-8)10-4-3-9(16-2)7-12(10)15-13/h3-7,15H,1-2H3

Technical Data

Appearance: Solid Power.

Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Solubility: DMSO up to 100 mM

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Drug Formulation: To be determined.

HS Tariff Code: 382200

How to use

In Vitro:

Harmine was used at 10 µM final concentration in various in vitro assays.

In Vivo:

Harmine was dosed orally to obese db/db mice at 30 mg/kg. Harmine was dosed by intraperitoneal injection at 10 mg/kg in mouse partial pancreatectomy model (PPX), Euglycemic human islet transplantation model and diabetic marginal mass human islet transplantation model.


  1. Bain J, et al. The selectivity of protein kinase inhibitors: a further update. (2007) Biochem J. 408(3):297-315.
  2. Waki H, et al. The small molecule harmine is an antidiabetic cell-type-specific regulator of PPARgamma expression. (2007) Cell Metab. 5(5):357-70.
  3. Egusa H, et al. The small molecule harmine regulates NFATc1 and Id2 expression in osteoclast progenitor cells. (2011) Bone. 49(2):264-74.

Products are for research use only. Not for human use.


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