KU-55933 is an ATM inhibitor, which blocks the phosphorylation of Akt induced by insulin and insulin-like growth factor I in cancer cells that exhibit abnormal Akt activity. Moreover, KU-55933 inhibits cancer cell proliferation by inducing G(1) cell cycle arrest. It does so through the downregulation of the synthesis of cyclin D1, a protein known to be elevated in a variety of tumors. In addition, KU-55933 treatment during serum starvation triggers apoptosis in these cancer cells. Research results suggest that KU-55933 may be a novel chemotherapeutic agent targeting cancer resistant to traditional chemotherapy or immunotherapy due to aberrant activation of Akt. Furthermore, KU-55933 completely abrogates rapamycin-induced feedback activation of Akt. Combination of KU-55933 and rapamycin not only induces apoptosis, which is not seen in cancer cells treated only with rapamycin, but also shows better efficacy in inhibiting cancer cell proliferation than each drug alone. For detail see: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20053781.
CAS Number: 587871-26-9
Molecular Weight: 395.49
Chemical Name: 2-morpholino-6-(thianthren-1-yl)-4H-pyran-4-one
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
KU-55933 (10 μM) blocks the ionizing radiation-induced p53 serine 15 phosphorylation. KU-55933 has a dose-dependent effect in inhibiting this ATM-dependent phosphorylation event with an estimated IC50 of 300 nM. KU-55933 ablates the ionizing radiation-induced phosphorylation of these ATM substrates. KU-55933 specifically inhibits ATM but not the other DNA damage-activated PIKKs, ATR, and DNA-PK. KU-55933 induces pATM, p53, E2F1 and pATR, noticeably upregulates the nuclear fraction of E2F1 at the 0.5 h time point. Metformin increases ATM and AMPK phosphorylation, as well as SHP protein level in primary hepatocytes, and this stimulatory effect of metformin is repressed by a specific ATM kinase inhibitor KU-55933.
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