AZD-2281, also known as Olaparib or KU-59436 , is a small molecule inhibitor of the nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) with potential chemosensitizing, radiosensitizing, and antineoplastic activities. AZD-2281 selectively binds to and inhibits PARP, inhibiting PARP-mediated repair of single strand DNA breaks; PARP inhibition may enhance the cytotoxicity of DNA-damaging agents and may reverse tumor cell chemoresistance and radioresistance. PARP catalyzes post-translational ADP-ribosylation of nuclear proteins and can be activated by single-stranded DNA breaks. AZD-2281 was approved in 2014 for treating advanced ovarian cancer.
CAS Number: 763113-22-0
Molecular Weight: 434.46
trade name Lynparza
Chemical Name: 4-[[3-[4-(cyclopropanecarbonyl)piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-fluorophenyl]methyl]-2H-phthalazin-1-one
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
AZD-2281 (Olaparib) is a single digit nanomolar inhibitor of both PARP-1 and PARP-2 that shows standalone activity against BRCA1-deficient breast cancer cell lines. AZD-2281 is applied to SW620 cell lysates, and identified the IC50 for PARP-1 inhibition to be around 6 nM and the total ablation of PARP-1 activity to be at concentrations of 30−100 nM.
Animals bearing SW620 xenografted tumors are treated with AZD-2281 (10 mg/kg, p.o.) in combination with NSC 362856 (TMZ) (50 mg/kg, p.o.) once daily for 5 consecutive days, after which the tumors are left to grow out. AZD-2281 increases vascular perfusion in Calu-6 tumors established in a DWC model. Administration of AZD-2281(50 mg/kg, p.o.) as a single agent (top panel) or in combination with radiation (bottom panel) results in an increase in fluorescence intensity in the Calu-6 tumors.
- Kapoor K, Singla E, Sahu B, Naura AS. PARP inhibitor, olaparib ameliorates acute lung and kidney injury upon intratracheal administration of LPS in mice. Mol Cell Biochem. 2014 Nov 18. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25404465.
- Choy E, Butrynski JE, Harmon DC, Morgan JA, George S, Wagner AJ, D'Adamo D, Cote GM, Flamand Y, Benes CH, Haber DA, Baselga JM, Demetri GD. Phase II study of olaparib in patients with refractory Ewing sarcoma following failure of standard chemotherapy. BMC Cancer. 2014 Nov 5;14:813. doi: 10.1186/1471-2407-14-813. PubMed PMID: 25374341; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4230717.
- Oza AM, Cibula D, Benzaquen AO, Poole C, Mathijssen RH, Sonke GS, Colombo N, Spaček J, Vuylsteke P, Hirte H, Mahner S, Plante M, Schmalfeldt B, Mackay H, Rowbottom J, Lowe ES, Dougherty B, Barrett JC, Friedlander M. Olaparib combined with chemotherapy for recurrent platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer: a randomised phase 2 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2014 Dec 3. pii: S1470-2045(14)71135-0. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(14)71135-0. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25481791.
Products are for research use only. Not for human use.