E-7449, also known as 2X-121, is an orally available small molecule inhibitor of the nuclear enzymes poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) 1 and 2, with potential antineoplastic activity. Upon administration, E-7449 selectively binds to PARP 1 and 2, thereby preventing the repair of damaged DNA via the base excision repair (BER) pathway. This agent enhances the accumulation of single and double strand DNA breaks and promotes genomic instability eventually leading to apoptosis. PARP 1/2 inhibitor E-7449 may enhance the cytotoxicity of DNA-damaging agents and of radiotherapy. PARP catalyzes post-translational ADP-ribosylation of nuclear proteins that signal and recruit other proteins to repair damaged DNA.
CAS Number: 1140964-99-3
Molecular Weight: 317.34
Chemical Name: 8-(isoindolin-2-ylmethyl)-2H-pyridazino[3,4,5-de]quinazolin-3(9H)-one
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
E-7449 is a potent PARP1 and PARP2 inhibitor and also inhibits TNKS1 and TNKS2, with IC50s of 2.0, 1.0, ∼50 and ∼50 nM for PARP1, PARP2, TNKS1 and TNKS2, respectively, using 32P-NAD+ as substrate. E-7449 shows no obvious inhibiotry effects on PARP3 or PARPs 6-16. E-7449 traps PARP1 onto damaged DNA, and affects DNA repair pathways beyond homologous recombination (HR). E-7449 most potnetly suppresses cells deficient in components of the HR pathway (BRCA1 and 2, CtIP, Rad54). E-7449 (10 μM) inhibits Wnt signaling in SW480 cells.
E-7449 moderately inhibits the growth of tumors at 100 mg/kg, and significantly ehhances the inhibition via 10, 30 and 100 mg/kg oral dosing in combination with temozolomide (TMZ) in the mouse melanoma B16-F10 isograft model. E-7449 (30 or 100 mg/kg, p.o.) inhibits PARP, shows anti-tumor activity, and is well-tolerated without any obvious body weight loss or deaths in a BRCA mutant xenograft model. E-7449 (30, 100 or 300 mg/kg, p.o.) suppresses re-growth of hair in a dose dependent manner, and blocks Wnt signaling in C57BL/6 mice. E-7449 (100 mg/kg, p.o.) combined with MEK inhibitor exhibits antitumor activity in a Wnt1 subcutaneous model (mammary tumors initially isolated from Wnt1 (int-1) transgenic mice).
- Laurance J. Neurologists appeal to health secretary over withdrawal of drug for MS patients. BMJ. 2012 Nov 2;345:e7449. doi: 10.1136/bmj.e7449. PubMed PMID: 23125160.
- Gilmore S, Hofmann-Wellenhof R, Muir J, Soyer HP. Lacunarity analysis: a promising method for the automated assessment of melanocytic naevi and melanoma. PLoS One. 2009 Oct 13;4(10):e7449. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0007449. PubMed PMID: 19823688; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2758593.
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