Dorsomorphin, also known as BML-275 , is a selective small molecule inhibitor of BMP signaling, which promotes cardiomyogenesis in embryonic stem cells. Dorsomorphin reverses the mesenchymal phenotype of breast cancer initiating cells by inhibition of bone morphogenetic protein signaling.
Chemical Formula: C24H25N5O
Exact Mass: 399.2059
Molecular Weight: 399.5
Elemental Analysis: C, 72.16; H, 6.31; N, 17.53; O, 4.00
Appearance: Solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
Dorsomorphin (compound C) (0-10 μM, 18 h) suppresses 2DG-induced GRP78 promoter activity in human fibrosarcoma HT1080 cells in a dose-dependent manner but has little effect on tunicamycin-induced GRP78 promoter activity. Dorsomorphin (compound C) C also suppresses GRP78 promoter activity induced by glucose withdrawal. Dorsomorphin (compound C) has no effect on 2DG-induced PERK activation and reduces the both basal and 2DG-induced AMPK phosphorylation levels in HT1080 cells.
Dorsomorphin (compound C: 10 mg/kg, intravenously once) treatment leads to a 60% increase in total serum iron concentrations, reduces basal levels of hepcidin expression and increasing serum iron concentrations in adult mice.
Dorsomorphin (compound C: 0.2 mg/kg, I.V., 30 min before LPS injection) reduces ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression in LPS-injected rat aorta.
Dorsomorphin (compound C; 25 mg/kg; i.p. injection; in male BALB/c mice) treatment before lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection significantly reduces lethality in contrast to animals treated with LPS challenge only.
Valizadeh-Arshad Z, Shahbazi E, Hashemizadeh S, Moradmand A, Jangkhah M, Kiani S. In Vitro Differentiation of Neural-Like Cells from Human Embryonic Stem Cells by A Combination of Dorsomorphin, XAV939, and A8301. Cell J. 2018 Jan;19(4):545-551. doi: 10.22074/cellj.2018.4232. Epub 2017 Nov 4. PubMed PMID: 29105388; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5672092.
Lin T, Wang XL, Zettervall SL, Cai Y, Guzman RJ. Dorsomorphin homologue 1, a highly selective small-molecule bone morphogenetic protein inhibitor, suppresses medial artery calcification. J Vasc Surg. 2017 Aug;66(2):586-593. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2016.03.462. Epub 2016 Jun 30. PubMed PMID: 27374065; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5201454.
Madhu V, Dighe AS, Cui Q, Deal DN. Dual Inhibition of Activin/Nodal/TGF-β and BMP Signaling Pathways by SB431542 and Dorsomorphin Induces Neuronal Differentiation of Human Adipose Derived Stem Cells. Stem Cells Int. 2016;2016:1035374. doi: 10.1155/2016/1035374. Epub 2015 Dec 20. PubMed PMID: 26798350; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4699250.
Horbelt D, Boergermann JH, Chaikuad A, Alfano I, Williams E, Lukonin I, Timmel T, Bullock AN, Knaus P. Small molecules dorsomorphin and LDN-193189 inhibit myostatin/GDF8 signaling and promote functional myoblast differentiation. J Biol Chem. 2015 Feb 6;290(6):3390-404. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M114.604397. Epub 2014 Nov 3. PubMed PMID: 25368322; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4319009.
Products are for research use only. Not for human use.