CHIR-090 is a very potent and selective LpxC inhibitor. CHIR-090 has excellent antibiotic activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. CHIR-090 is also a two-step slow, tight-binding inhibitor of E. coli LpxC with Ki = 4.0 nM, Ki* = 0.5 nM, k5 = 1.9 min-1, and k6 = 0.18 min-1. CHIR-090 at low nanomolar levels inhibits LpxC orthologues from diverse Gram-negative pathogens, including P. aeruginosa, Neisseria meningitidis, and Helicobacter pylori. In contrast, CHIR-090 is a relatively weak competitive and conventional inhibitor (lacking slow, tight-binding kinetics) of LpxC from Rhizobium leguminosarum (Ki = 340 nM), a Gram-negative plant endosymbiont that is resistant to this compound. CHIR-090 is an excellent lead for the further development of new antibiotics targeting the lipid A pathway.
CAS Number: 728865-23-4
Molecular Weight: 437.49
Chemical Name: N-[(2S,3R)-3-hydroxy-1-(hydroxyamino)-1-oxobutan-2-yl]-4-[2-[4-(morpholin-4-ylmethyl)phenyl]ethynyl]benzamide
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water.
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
CHIR-090 is a potent, slow, tight-binding inhibitor of the LpxC deacetylase from the hyperthermophile Aquifex aeolicus, and it has excellent antibiotic activity against P. aeruginosa and E. coli, as judged by disk diffusion assays. CHIR-090 is also a two-step slow, tight-binding inhibitor of Escherichia coli LpxC with Ki=4 nM. CHIR-090 at low nM levels inhibits LpxC orthologues from diverse Gram-negative pathogens, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Neisseria meningitidis, and Helicobacter pylori. In contrast, CHIR-090 is a relatively weak competitive and conventional inhibitor (lacking slow, tight-binding kinetics) of LpxC from Rhizobium leguminosarum (Ki=340 nM), a Gram-negative plant endosymbiont that is resistant to this compound. An E. coli construct in which the chromosomal lpxC gene is replaced by R. leguminosarum lpxC is resistant to CHIR-090 up to 100 μg/mL, or 400 times above the minimal inhibitory concentration for wild-type E. coli. CHIR-090, a very potent, slow, tight-binding inhibitor of Aquifex aeolicus LpxC, the sequence of which is 31 % identical to E. coli LpxC. CHIR-090 has remarkable antibiotic activity against E. coli and P. aeruginosa, comparable to ciprofloxacin, as judged by disk diffusion assays.
CHIR-090 is a potent antibiotic against E. coli and inhibits E. coli LpxC activity in vitro in the low nM range. E. coli W3110 colonies resistant to 1 μg/mL CHIR-090 are not observed without prior chemical mutagenesis. A strain of E. coli W3110 is able to grow on LB agar plates containing 1 to 10 μg/mL CHIR-090, which is 4 to 40 times above the MIC of 0.25 μg/mL under our conditions for wild-type E. coli W3110. The doubling time of W3110RL is 40 min in the presence of 1 μg/mL CHIR-090, which is exactly the same rate as wild-type in the absence of inhibitor. Wild-type cells stopped growing after about 2 h in the presence of 1 μg/mL CHIR-090.
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- Kalinin D, Holl R. Insights into the zinc-dependent deacetylase LpxC: biochemical properties and inhibitor design. Curr Top Med Chem. 2016 Apr 13. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27072691.
- Yao J, Bruhn DF, Frank MW, Lee RE, Rock CO. Activation of Exogenous Fatty Acids to Acyl-Acyl Carrier Protein Cannot Bypass FabI Inhibition in Neisseria. J Biol Chem. 2016 Jan 1;291(1):171-81. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M115.699462. Epub 2015 Nov 13. PubMed PMID: 26567338; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4697154.
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