AGK2 is a potent and selective inhibitor of sirtuin 2 (SIRT2).
Chemical Formula: C23H13Cl2N3O2
Exact Mass: 433.0385
Molecular Weight: 434.276
Elemental Analysis: C, 63.61; H, 3.02; Cl, 16.33; N, 9.68; O, 7.37
Appearance: Solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO
Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
AGK2 significantly inhibits cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. AGK2 also significantly inhibits cell growth in a dose-dependent manner without inducing cytotoxicity at low doses. Twelve days after AGK2 (5 μM) treatment, cells show a significantly reducing colony forming ability in soft agar to 46% of the control cells. Western blot analysis shows that the levels of CDK4 or CDK6 and cyclin D1 are decreased after AGK2 treatment in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, AGK2 inhibits the expression of p53 protein. Treatment of microglial BV2 cells with 10 μM AGK2 leads to a significant increase in PAR signals. Treatment of microglial BV2 cells with 10 μM AGK2 also leads to a significant decrease in the intracellular ATP and significant increases in both late-stage apoptosis and necrosis of the cells.
AGK2 significantly reduces mortality and decreases levels of cytokines in blood (TNF-α: 298.3±24.6 vs 26.8±2.8 pg/mL, p=0.0034; IL-6: 633.4±82.8 vs 232.6±133.0 pg/mL, p=0.0344) and peritoneal fluid (IL-6: 704.8±67.7 vs 391.4±98.5 pg/mL, p=0.033) compare to vehicle control. AGK2 also suppresses the TNF-α and IL-6 production in the culturing splenocytes (TNF-α: 68.1±6.4 vs 23.9±2.8 pg/mL, p=0.0009; IL-6: 73.1±4.2 vs 49.6±3.0 pg/mL; p=0.0051).
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Shimizu K, Quillinan N, Orfila JE, Herson PS. Sirtuin-2 mediates male specific neuronal injury following experimental cardiac arrest through activation of TRPM2 ion channels. Exp Neurol. 2016 Jan;275 Pt 1:78-83. doi: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2015.10.014. Epub 2015 Oct 30. PubMed PMID: 26522013; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5193101.
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Rotili D, Tarantino D, Nebbioso A, Paolini C, Huidobro C, Lara E, Mellini P, Lenoci A, Pezzi R, Botta G, Lahtela-Kakkonen M, Poso A, Steinkühler C, Gallinari P, De Maria R, Fraga M, Esteller M, Altucci L, Mai A. Discovery of salermide-related sirtuin inhibitors: binding mode studies and antiproliferative effects in cancer cells including cancer stem cells. J Med Chem. 2012 Dec 27;55(24):10937-47. doi: 10.1021/jm3011614. Epub 2012 Dec 12. PubMed PMID: 23189967.
Mai A. Small-molecule chromatin-modifying agents: therapeutic applications. Epigenomics. 2010 Apr;2(2):307-24. doi: 10.2217/epi.10.7. Review. PubMed PMID: 22121876.
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