ESI-09 is a novel noncyclic nucleotide EPAC antagonist that is capable of specifically blocking intracellular EPAC-mediated Rap1 activation and Akt phosphorylation, as well as EPAC-mediated insulin secretion in pancreatic β cells. EPAC1 plays an important role in pancreatic cancer cell migration and invasion, and thus represents a potential target for developing novel therapeutic strategies for pancreatic cancer.
CAS Number: 263707-16-0
Molecular Weight: 330.77
Chemical Name: (E)-2-(5-(tert-butyl)isoxazol-3-yl)-N'-(3-chlorophenyl)-2-oxoacetohydrazonoyl cyanide
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
While cAMP competes with 8-NBD-cAMP binding with an IC50 of 39 µM, ESI-09 shows an increased potency with an apparent IC50 of 10 µM. ESI-09 inhibis cAMP-mediated EPAC2 and EPAC1 GEF activity with an IC50 of 1.4 and 3.2µM, respectively. ESI-09 could fit well into the functional cAMP-binding pocket of EPAC1, establishing favorable hydrophobic and hydrogen bonding interactions with the protein’s active-site residues. ESI-09 inhibits 007-AM-stimulated Akt phosphorylation at T308 and S473 in a dose-dependent manner. ESI-09 inhibits pancreatic cancer cells AsPC-1 and PANC-1 migration. ESI-09 inhibits EPAC1-mediated adhesion of PDA cells on collagen I. Exposure to ESI-09 significantly reduces intracellular and total bacterial counts in HUVECs at 30 min postinfection with 10 multiplicities of infection (MOI) of R. australis compared with similarly infected controls.
Treatment with ESI-09 dramatically protects WT mice against R. australis infection with much milder disease manifestations and significantly improves survival.
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