BTZ043 is a decaprenylphosphoryl-β-D-ribose 2'-epimerase (DprE1) inhibitor acting as a new antimycobacterial agent that kill Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Chemical Formula: C17H16F3N3O5S
Exact Mass: 431.07628
Molecular Weight: 431.39
Elemental Analysis: C, 47.33; H, 3.74; F, 13.21; N, 9.74; O, 18.54; S, 7.43
Chemical Name: (S)-2-(2-methyl-1,4-dioxa-8-azaspiro[4.5]decan-8-yl)-8-nitro-6-(trifluoromethyl)-4H-benzo[e][1,3]thiazin-4-one
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C17H16F3N3O5S/c1-9-8-27-16(28-9)2-4-22(5-3-16)15-21-14(24)11-6-10(17(18,19)20)7-12(23(25)26)13(11)29-15/h6-7,9H,2-5,8H2,1H3/t9-/m0/s1
Appearance: Solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shelf Life: >5 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
The MIC of BTZ043 against M. tuberculosis H37Rv and Mycobacterium smegmatis are 1 ng/mL (2.3 nM) and 4 ng/mL (9.2 nM), respectively. The in vitro activity of BTZ043 against 30 Nocardia brasiliensis isolates is also tested. The MIC50 and MIC90 values for BTZ043 are 0.125 and 0.25 μg/mL. The MIC for N. carnea ATCC 6847 is 0.003μg/mL, for N. transvalensis ATCC 6865 is 0.003μg/mL, for N. brasiliensis NCTC10300 is 0.03 μg/mL, and for N. brasiliensis HUJEG-1 is 0.125μg/mL. The MIC value for M. tuberculosis H37Rv is 0.000976 μg/mL. The MIC value of BTZ-043 is >64 μg/mL for Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 and S. aureus ATCC 29213.
Four weeks of treatment with BTZ043 reduces the bacterial burden in the lungs and spleens by 1 and 2 logs, respectively, at the concentrations used. Additional results suggest that BTZ043 efficacy is time-rather than dose-dependent. Acute (5 g/kg) and chronic (25 and 250 mg/kg) toxicology studies in uninfected mice show that, even at the highest dose tested, there are no adverse anatomical, behavioral, or physiological effects after one month.
Pasca MR, Degiacomi G, Ribeiro AL, Zara F, De Mori P, Heym B, Mirrione M, Brerra R, Pagani L, Pucillo L, Troupioti P, Makarov V, Cole ST, Riccardi G. Clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in four European hospitals are uniformly susceptible to benzothiazinones. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2010 Apr;54(4):1616-8. Epub 2010 Jan 19. PubMed PMID: 20086151; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2849388.
Makarov V, Manina G, Mikusova K, MÃ¶llmann U, Ryabova O, Saint-Joanis B, Dhar N, Pasca MR, Buroni S, Lucarelli AP, Milano A, De Rossi E, Belanova M, Bobovska A, Dianiskova P, Kordulakova J, Sala C, Fullam E, Schneider P, McKinney JD, Brodin P, Christophe T, Waddell S, Butcher P, Albrethsen J, Rosenkrands I, Brosch R, Nandi V, Bharath S, Gaonkar S, Shandil RK, Balasubramanian V, Balganesh T, Tyagi S, Grosset J, Riccardi G, Cole ST. Benzothiazinones kill Mycobacterium tuberculosis by blocking arabinan synthesis. Science. 2009 May 8;324(5928):801-4. Epub 2009 Mar 19. PubMed PMID: 19299584.
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