Daporinad, also known as APO-866 and FK866, is a small molecule with potential antineoplastic and antiangiogenic activities. NMPRTase inhibitor APO866 binds to and inhibits nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NMPRTase), inhibiting the biosynthesis of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) from niacinamide (vitamin B3), which may deplete energy reserves in metabolically active tumor cells and induce tumor cell apoptosis. In addition, this agent may inhibit tumor cell prioduction of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), resulting in the inhibition of tumor angiogenesis.
Chemical Formula: C24H29N3O2
Exact Mass: 391.22598
Molecular Weight: 391.51
Elemental Analysis: C, 73.63; H, 7.47; N, 10.73; O, 8.17.
Chemical Name: (E)-N-(4-(1-benzoylpiperidin-4-yl)butyl)-3-(pyridin-3-yl)acrylamide
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C24H29N3O2/c28-23(12-11-21-8-6-15-25-19-21)26-16-5-4-7-20-13-17-27(18-14-20)24(29)22-9-2-1-3-10-22/h1-3,6,8-12,15,19-20H,4-5,7,13-14,16-18H2,(H,26,28)/b12-11+
Appearance: Solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shelf Life: >5 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
Nampt inhibition with (E)-Daporinad (FK866) induces significant NAD+ intracellular reduction and selectively kills MM cells. (E)-Daporinad (FK866)-induced cell death is associated with inhibition of Nampt activity, rather than protein expression, and higher NAD+ baseline levels in MM cells than normal PBMCs confer (E)-Daporinad (FK866) sensitivity. (E)-Daporinad (FK866) abrogates the survival advantage conferred by the bone marrow microenvironment. (E)-Daporinad (FK866) prevents the [Ca2+]i increase induced by different mitogens and reduces the Ca2+ content of TG-responsive Ca2+ stores in Jurkat and in activated PBLs. (E)-Daporinad (FK866) reduces the Ca2+ content of TG-responsive Ca2+ stores in Jurkat cells but not in Bcl2-Jurkat cells. Inhibition of NAMPT by (E)-Daporinad (FK866), or inhibition of SIRT by nicotinamide decreases proliferation and triggered death of 293T cells involving the p53 acetylation pathway.
(E)-Daporinad (FK866) (30 mg/kg, i.p.) decreases the tumor burden in CB17-SCID mice, and the tumor tissue demonstrates a significant decrease in ERK phosphorylation and proteolytic cleavage of LC3.
Cea M, et al. Targeting NAD+ salvage pathway induces autophagy in multiple myeloma cells via mTORC1 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) inhibition. Blood. 2012 Oct 25;120(17):3519-29.
Magnone M, et al. NAD+ levels control Ca2+ store replenishment and mitogen-induced increase of cytosolic Ca2+ by Cyclic ADP-ribose-dependent TRPM2 channel gating in human T lymphocytes. J Biol Chem. 2012 Jun 15;287(25):21067-81.
Thakur BK, et al. Inhibition of NAMPT pathway by FK866 activates the function of p53 in HEK293T cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2012 Aug 3;424(3):371-7.
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