CX-5461 is a first-in-class non-genotoxic small molecule targeted inhibitor of RNA polymerase I (Pol I) that activates the p53 pathway without causing DNA damage. CX-5461 selectively inhibits rRNA synthesis by Pol I in the nucleolus, but does not inhibit mRNA synthesis by RNA Polymerase II (Pol II) and does not inhibit DNA replication or protein synthesis. Inhibition of Pol I results in nucleolar stress and release of ribosomal proteins (RP) from the nucleolus. The RP bind to Mdm2 and liberate p53 to orchestrate apoptosis in cancer cells. CX-5461 demonstrates a favorable preclinical profile, potently and selectively kills cancer cells, demonstrates robust in vivo efficacy in multiple models, and has demonstrated oral bioavailability in multiple species.
CAS Number: 1138549-36-6
Molecular Weight: 513.61
Chemical Name: 2-(4-methyl-1,4-diazepan-1-yl)-N-((5-methylpyrazin-2-yl)methyl)-5-oxo-5H-benzo[4,5]thiazolo[3,2-a][1,8]naphthyridine-6-carboxamide
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO up to 2 mM
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
CX-5461 was used at 100-500 nM in vitro and in cell culture.
In pancreatic carcinoma (MIA PaCa-2) and melanoma (A375) xenograft model, CX-5461 was administered orally at 50 mg/kg either once daily or every 3 days. In MV4;11 xenograft model, CX-5461 was administered intraperitoneally once a week at 125 mg/kg for the length of 25 days, or IP dosed at 25 mg/kg once a day on a 5-on, 2-off schedule over a period of 21 days.
- Drygin D, et al. Targeting RNA polymerase I with an oral small molecule CX-5461 inhibits ribosomal RNA synthesis and solid tumor growth. (2011) Cancer Res. 71(4):1418-30.
- Haddach M, et al. Discovery of CX-5461, the First Direct and Selective Inhibitor of RNA Polymerase I, for Cancer Therapeutics. (2012) ACS Med. Chem. Lett., 3 (7), pp 602–606.
- Bywater MJ, et al Inhibition of RNA Polymerase I as a Therapeutic Strategy to Promote Cancer-Specific Activation of p53. (2012) Cancer Cell, 22(1), 51 – 65.
Products are for research use only. Not for human use.
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