MGL-3196, also known asResmetirom, is a potent and highly selective thyroid hormone receptor β agonist in clinical trials for the treatment of dyslipidemia. The beneficial effects of thyroid hormone (TH) on lipid levels are primarily due to its action at the thyroid hormone receptor β (THR-β) in the liver, while adverse effects, including cardiac effects, are mediated by thyroid hormone receptor α (THR-α).
Chemical Formula: C17H12Cl2N6O4
Exact Mass: 434.02971
Molecular Weight: 435.22
Elemental Analysis: C, 46.92; H, 2.78; Cl, 16.29; N, 19.31; O, 14.70
Chemical Name: 2-(3,5-dichloro-4-((5-isopropyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridazin-3-yl)oxy)phenyl)-3,5-dioxo-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1,2,4-triazine-6-carbonitrile
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C17H12Cl2N6O4/c1-7(2)9-5-13(22-23-15(9)26)29-14-10(18)3-8(4-11(14)19)25-17(28)21-16(27)12(6-20)24-25/h3-5,7H,1-2H3,(H,23,26)(H,21,27,28)
Appearance: Solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
Resmetirom (MGL-3196) is 28-fold selective for THR-β (EC50=0.21 μM) over THR-α (EC50=3.74 μM ) in a functional assay. Resmetirom (MGL-3196) shows an IC20 of roughly 30 μM for blockage of the hERG channel. The IC50 for CYP3A4/5 and for CYP2C19 is >50 μM, and there is only weak inhibition (roughly 22 μM) of CYP2C9.
Resmetirom (MGL-3196) exhibits good exposures and reasonable oral bioavailability in rats. The volume of distribution and clearance are both low. Dose proportional increases in exposure are observed for a suspension of Resmetirom (MGL-3196) given orally to DIO mice.In animals treated with Resmetirom (MGL-3196) there is a reduction in cholesterol and in liver size, which is secondary to reduction of liver TG. There is no effect on bone mineral density (BMD) or heart or kidney size in Resmetirom (MGL-3196) treated animals.
Kelly MJ, Pietranico-Cole S, Larigan JD, Haynes NE, Reynolds CH, Scott N, Vermeulen J, Dvorozniak M, Conde-Knape K, Huang KS, So SS, Thakkar K, Qian Y, Banner B, Mennona F, Danzi S, Klein I, Taub R, Tilley J. Discovery of 2-[3,5-dichloro-4-(5-isopropyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridazin-3-yloxy)phenyl]-3,5-dio xo-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro[1,2,4]triazine-6-carbonitrile (MGL-3196), a Highly Selective Thyroid Hormone Receptor β agonist in clinical trials for the treatment of dyslipidemia. J Med Chem. 2014 May 22;57(10):3912-23. doi: 10.1021/jm4019299. Epub 2014 Apr 8. PubMed PMID: 24712661.
Taub R, Chiang E, Chabot-Blanchet M, Kelly MJ, Reeves RA, Guertin MC, Tardif JC. Lipid lowering in healthy volunteers treated with multiple doses of MGL-3196, a liver-targeted thyroid hormone receptor-β Atherosclerosis. 2013 Oct;230(2):373-80. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2013.07.056. Epub 2013 Aug 21. PubMed PMID: 24075770.
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