MGL-3196, also known as Resmetirom, is a potent and highly selective thyroid hormone receptor β agonist in clinical trials for the treatment of dyslipidemia. The beneficial effects of thyroid hormone (TH) on lipid levels are primarily due to its action at the thyroid hormone receptor β (THR-β) in the liver, while adverse effects, including cardiac effects, are mediated by thyroid hormone receptor α (THR-α).
CAS Number: 920509-32-6
Molecular Weight: 435.22
Chemical Name: 2-(3,5-dichloro-4-((5-isopropyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridazin-3-yl)oxy)phenyl)-3,5-dioxo-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1,2,4-triazine-6-carbonitrile
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Resmetirom (MGL-3196) is 28-fold selective for THR-β (EC50=0.21 μM) over THR-α (EC50=3.74 μM ) in a functional assay. Resmetirom (MGL-3196) shows an IC20 of roughly 30 μM for blockage of the hERG channel. The IC50 for CYP3A4/5 and for CYP2C19 is >50 μM, and there is only weak inhibition (roughly 22 μM) of CYP2C9.
Resmetirom (MGL-3196) exhibits good exposures and reasonable oral bioavailability in rats. The volume of distribution and clearance are both low. Dose proportional increases in exposure are observed for a suspension of Resmetirom (MGL-3196) given orally to DIO mice.In animals treated with Resmetirom (MGL-3196) there is a reduction in cholesterol and in liver size, which is secondary to reduction of liver TG. There is no effect on bone mineral density (BMD) or heart or kidney size in Resmetirom (MGL-3196) treated animals.
- Kelly MJ, Pietranico-Cole S, Larigan JD, Haynes NE, Reynolds CH, Scott N, Vermeulen J, Dvorozniak M, Conde-Knape K, Huang KS, So SS, Thakkar K, Qian Y, Banner B, Mennona F, Danzi S, Klein I, Taub R, Tilley J. Discovery of 2-[3,5-dichloro-4-(5-isopropyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridazin-3-yloxy)phenyl]-3,5-dio xo-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro[1,2,4]triazine-6-carbonitrile (MGL-3196), a Highly Selective Thyroid Hormone Receptor β agonist in clinical trials for the treatment of dyslipidemia. J Med Chem. 2014 May 22;57(10):3912-23. doi: 10.1021/jm4019299. Epub 2014 Apr 8. PubMed PMID: 24712661.
- Taub R, Chiang E, Chabot-Blanchet M, Kelly MJ, Reeves RA, Guertin MC, Tardif JC. Lipid lowering in healthy volunteers treated with multiple doses of MGL-3196, a liver-targeted thyroid hormone receptor-β Atherosclerosis. 2013 Oct;230(2):373-80. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2013.07.056. Epub 2013 Aug 21. PubMed PMID: 24075770.
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