Favipiravir, also known as Favilavir, T705, or Avigan, is a selective inhibitor of viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase with activity against many RNA viruses. Favipiravir influenza viruses, West Nile virus, yellow fever virus, foot-and-mouth disease virus as well as other flaviviruses, arenaviruses, bunyaviruses and alphaviruses. Activity against enteroviruses and Rift Valley fever virus has also been demonstrated. The mechanism of its actions is thought to be related to the selective inhibition of viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. Favipiravir does not inhibit RNA or DNA synthesis in mammalian cells and is not toxic to them. In 2014, favipiravir was approved in Japan for stockpiling against influenza pandemics.
CAS Number: 259793-96-9
Molecular Weight: 157.10
Chemical Name: 6-Fluoro-3-hydroxy-2-pyrazinecarboxamide
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Favipiravir (T 705) is an antiviral drug that selectively inhibits the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of influenza virus. Favipiravir (T 705) is a novel antiviral compound that selectively and potently inhibits the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP) of influenza and many other RNA viruses. Favipiravir-RTP does not inhibit the human DNA polymerase α, β or γ with IC50>1 mM. The IC50 for the human RNA polymerase II is 905 μM; Favipiravir is therefore 2, 650 times more selective for the influenza virus RdRP, consistent with the lack of inhibition of host-cell DNA and RNA synthesis. Favipiravir (T 705) acts as a pro-drug, its cytotoxicity is expected to be cell-line dependent. Favipiravir inhibits in a dose-dependent manner MNV-induced CPE (EC50: 250±11 μM) and MNV RNA synthesis in cell culture (EC50:124±42 μM). Despite this rather modest antiviral activity, Favipiravir (T 705) is able to completely inhibit norovirus replication at a concentration of 100 μg/mL, which is a concentration that has little or no adverse effect on the host cell (cell viability >80%).
Favipiravir (T 705) (30 mg/kg/day, orally) improves survival compare to placebo. Favipiravir (T 705) also provides significant protection against the A/Duck/MN/1525/81(H5N1) virus at a dose of 33 mg/kg/day or more, regardless of the number of daily doses. When given 4 times a day, all mice survive.
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- Jin Z, Tucker K, Lin X, Kao CC, Shaw K, Tan H, Symons J, Behera I, Rajwanshi VK, Dyatkina N, Wang G, Beigelman L, Deval J. Biochemical Evaluation of the Inhibition Properties of Favipiravir and 2'-C-Methyl-Cytidine Triphosphates against Human and Mouse Norovirus RNA Polymerases. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015 Dec;59(12):7504-16. doi: 10.1128/AAC.01391-15. Epub 2015 Sep 21. PubMed PMID: 26392512; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4649231.
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