CPI-444 is an orally administered antagonist of the adenosine A2A receptor. Upon oral administration, CPI-444 binds to adenosine A2A receptors expressed on the surface of immune cells, including T-lymphocytes, natural killer (NK) cells, macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs). This prevents tumor-released adenosine from interacting with the A2A receptors on these key immune surveillance cells, thereby abrogating adenosine-induced immunosuppression in the tumor microenvironment.
Chemical Formula: C20H21N7O3
Exact Mass: 407.1706
Molecular Weight: 407.434
Elemental Analysis: C, 58.96; H, 5.20; N, 24.07; O, 11.78
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C20H21N7O3/c1-12-5-6-16(30-12)17-18-19(24-20(21)23-17)27(26-25-18)9-13-3-2-4-14(22-13)10-29-15-7-8-28-11-15/h2-6,15H,7-11H2,1H3,(H2,21,23,24)/t15-/m0/s1
Appearance: Solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO
Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
CPI-444 is a potent, oral, selective A2AR antagonist. CD8+ T cell depletion abrogates the efficacy of CPI-444 treatment as a single agent as well as in combination with anti-PD-L1, demonstrating a role for CD8+ T cells in mediating primary and secondary immune responses. Anti-tumor efficacy of CPI-444±anti-PD-L1 is associated with increased CD8+ cell infiltration and activation in MC38 tumor tissues, and a corresponding rise in PD-1 expression on CD8+ T cells in the spleen. Additionally, levels of immune checkpoints are modulated by treatment with CPI-444, including GITR, OX40, and LAG3 on tumor infiltrating lymphocytes and circulating T cells, suggesting a broad role for adenosine mediated immunosuppression.
Daily treatment of the syngeneic mouse model MC38 with CPI-444 (1, 10, 100 mg/kg) leads to dose-dependent inhibition of tumor growth, leading to tumor elimination in ~30% of treated mice. Combining CPI-444 (100 mg/kg, qd, 14 days) with anti-PD-L1 (200 μg, 3qw, 4 doses) treatment in MC38 models synergistically inhibits tumor growth and eliminates tumors in 90% of treated mice. When cured mice are later re-challenged with MC38 cells, tumor growth is rejected in 100% of challenged mice, indicating that CPI-444 induces systemic anti-tumor immune memory.
Stephen Willingham, et al. Abstract PR04: CPI-444: A potent and selective inhibitor of A2AR induces antitumor responses alone and in combination with anti-PD-L1 in preclinical and clinical studies.Cancer Immunoly Research. September 25-28, 2016.
Products are for research use only. Not for human use.
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