Dabrafenib, also known as GSK2118436 , is an orally bioavailable inhibitor of B-raf (BRAF) protein with potential antineoplastic activity. Dabrafenib selectively binds to and inhibits the activity of B-raf, which may inhibit the proliferation of tumor cells which contain a mutated BRAF gene. B-raf belongs to the the raf/mil family of serine/threonine protein kinases and plays a role in regulating the MAP kinase/ERKs signaling pathway, which may be constitutively activated due to BRAF gene mutations. On May 29, 2013, FDA approved this drug.
CAS Number: 1195768-06-9
Molecular Weight: 615.67
GSK2118436 Methane sulfonate salt
Chemical Name: N-(3-(5-(2-aminopyrimidin-4-yl)-2-(tert-butyl)thiazol-4-yl)-2-fluorophenyl)-2,6-difluorobenzenesulfonamide methanesulfonate
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Dabrafenib (GSK2118436, 1 μM) with 0.01 μM GSK1120212 inhibits more than 90% of cell growth in the NRAS mutant clones. GSK2118436 is sufficient to reduce S6P phosphorylation in A375. Dabrafenib suppresses the PolyP-mediated vascular barrier permeability, upregulation of inflammatory biomarkers, adhesion/migration of leukocytes, and activation and/or production of nuclear factor-κB, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukin-6. Dabrafenib inhibits the release of HMGB1 and downregulates HMGB1-dependent inflammatory responses by enhancing the expressions of cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) in human endothelial cells.
Dabrafenib-treated females have mostly immature reproductive tracts with no evidence of ovulation, similar to age-matched controls; however, DAB-treated females have keratinized and histologically open vaginas.
- Banzi M, De Blasio S, Lallas A, Longo C, Moscarella E, Alfano R, Argenziano G. Dabrafenib: a new opportunity for the treatment of BRAF V600-positive melanoma. Onco Targets Ther. 2016 May 6;9:2725-33. doi: 10.2147/OTT.S75104. eCollection 2016. Review. PubMed PMID: 27226731; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4866744.
- Spain L, Julve M, Larkin J. Combination dabrafenib and trametinib in the management of advanced melanoma with BRAFV600 mutations. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2016;17(7):1031-8. doi: 10.1517/14656566.2016.1168805. Epub 2016 Apr 12. Review. PubMed PMID: 27027150.
- Zia Y, Chen L, Daud A. Future of combination therapy with dabrafenib and trametinib in metastatic melanoma. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2015;16(14):2257-63. doi: 10.1517/14656566.2015.1085509. Epub 2015 Sep 2. Review. PubMed PMID: 26331795.
- Giurcaneanu C, Nitipir C, Popa LG, Forsea AM, Popescu I, Bumbacea RS. Evolution of melanocytic nevi under vemurafenib, followed by combination therapy with dabrafenib and trametinib for metastatic melanoma. Acta Dermatovenerol Croat. 2015;23(2):114-21. Review. PubMed PMID: 26228819.
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