Dabrafenib, also known as GSK2118436 , is an orally bioavailable inhibitor of B-raf (BRAF) protein with potential antineoplastic activity. Dabrafenib selectively binds to and inhibits the activity of B-raf, which may inhibit the proliferation of tumor cells which contain a mutated BRAF gene. B-raf belongs to the the raf/mil family of serine/threonine protein kinases and plays a role in regulating the MAP kinase/ERKs signaling pathway, which may be constitutively activated due to BRAF gene mutations. On May 29, 2013, FDA approved this drug.
CAS Number: 1195765-45-7
Molecular Weight: 519.56
GSK2118436B ( Dabrafenib Mesylate )
GSK2118436A ( Dabrafenib )
Chemical Name: N-(3-(5-(2-aminopyrimidin-4-yl)-2-(tert-butyl)thiazol-4-yl)-2-fluorophenyl)-2,6-difluorobenzenesulfonamide
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Dabrafenib (GSK2118436, 1 μM) with 0.01 μM GSK1120212 inhibits more than 90% of cell growth in the NRAS mutant clones. GSK2118436 is sufficient to reduce S6P phosphorylation in A375. Dabrafenib suppresses the PolyP-mediated vascular barrier permeability, upregulation of inflammatory biomarkers, adhesion/migration of leukocytes, and activation and/or production of nuclear factor-κB, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukin-6. Dabrafenib inhibits the release of HMGB1 and downregulates HMGB1-dependent inflammatory responses by enhancing the expressions of cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) in human endothelial cells.
Dabrafenib-treated females have mostly immature reproductive tracts with no evidence of ovulation, similar to age-matched controls; however, DAB-treated females have keratinized and histologically open vaginas.
- Banzi M, De Blasio S, Lallas A, Longo C, Moscarella E, Alfano R, Argenziano G. Dabrafenib: a new opportunity for the treatment of BRAF V600-positive melanoma. Onco Targets Ther. 2016 May 6;9:2725-33. doi: 10.2147/OTT.S75104. eCollection 2016. Review. PubMed PMID: 27226731; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4866744.
- Spain L, Julve M, Larkin J. Combination dabrafenib and trametinib in the management of advanced melanoma with BRAFV600 mutations. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2016;17(7):1031-8. doi: 10.1517/14656566.2016.1168805. Epub 2016 Apr 12. Review. PubMed PMID: 27027150.
- Zia Y, Chen L, Daud A. Future of combination therapy with dabrafenib and trametinib in metastatic melanoma. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2015;16(14):2257-63. doi: 10.1517/14656566.2015.1085509. Epub 2015 Sep 2. Review. PubMed PMID: 26331795.
- Khoja L, Hogg D. Dabrafenib in the treatment of metastatic or unresectable melanoma. Expert Rev Anticancer Ther. 2015 Mar;15(3):265-76. doi: 10.1586/14737140.2015.1014343. Review. PubMed PMID: 25711514.
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