PLX-4720 is a 7-azaindole derivative that inhibits B-Raf(V600E) with an IC(50) of 13 nM, defines a class of kinase inhibitor with marked selectivity in both biochemical and cellular assays. PLX-4720 preferentially inhibits the active B-Raf(V600E) kinase compared with a broad spectrum of other kinases, and potent cytotoxic effects are also exclusive to cells bearing the V600E allele.
CAS Number: 918505-84-7
Molecular Weight: 413.83
Chemical Name: N-(3-(5-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine-3-carbonyl)-2,4-difluorophenyl)propane-1-sulfonamide
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
PLX-4720 displays >10 times selectivity against wild type B-Raf, and >100 times selectivity over other kinases such as Frk, Src, Fak, FGFR, and Aurora A with IC50 of 1.3-3.4 μM. PLX-4720 significantly inhibits the ERK phosphorylation in cell lines bearing B-RafV600E with IC50 of 14-46 nM, but not the cells with wild-type B-Raf. PLX-4720 significantly inhibits the growth of tumor cell lines bearing the B-RafV600E oncogene, such as COLO205, A375, WM2664, and COLO829 with GI50 of 0.31 μM, 0.50 μM, 1.5 μM, and 1.7 μM, respectively. In addition, PLX-4720 treatment at 1 μM induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis exclusively in the B-RafV600E-positive 1205Lu cells, but not in the B-Raf wild-type C8161 cells. PLX-4720 treatment (10 μM) significantly induces > 14-fold expression of BIM in the PTEN+ cells, compared with the PTEN- cell lines (4-fold), giving an explanation of the resistance of PTEN- cells to PLX-4720-induced apoptosis.
Oral administration of PLX-4720 at 20 mg/kg/day induces significant tumor growth delays and regressions in B-RafV600E-dependent COLO205 tumor xenografts, without obvious adverse effects in mice even at dose of 1 g/kg. PLX-4720 at 100 mg/kg twice daily almost completely eliminates the 1205Lu xenografts bearing B-RafV600E, while has no activity against C8161 xenografts bearing wild-type B-Raf. The anti-tumor effects of PLX-4720 correlate with the blockade of MAPK pathway in those cells harboring the V600E mutation. PLX-4720 treatment at 30 mg/kg/day significant inhibits the tumor growth of 8505c xenografts by >90%, and dramatically decreases distant lung metastases.
- Kamata T, Dankort D, Kang J, Giblett S, Pritchard CA, McMahon M, Leavitt AD. Hematopoietic expression of oncogenic BRAF promotes aberrant growth of monocyte-lineage cells resistant to PLX4720. Mol Cancer Res. 2013 Dec;11(12):1530-41. doi: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-13-0294. Epub 2013 Oct 23. PubMed PMID: 24152792; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3869667.
- Eum KH, Ahn SK, Kang H, Lee M. Differential inhibitory effects of two Raf-targeting drugs, sorafenib and PLX4720, on the growth of multidrug-resistant cells. Mol Cell Biochem. 2013 Jan;372(1-2):65-74. doi: 10.1007/s11010-012-1446-0. Epub 2012 Sep 2. PubMed PMID: 22941213.
- Shao Y, Aplin AE. BH3-only protein silencing contributes to acquired resistance to PLX4720 in human melanoma. Cell Death Differ. 2012 Dec;19(12):2029-39. doi: 10.1038/cdd.2012.94. Epub 2012 Aug 3. PubMed PMID: 22858545; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3504716.
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