Enzastaurin, also known as DB-102 and LY317615, is a synthetic macrocyclic bisindolemaleimide with potential antineoplastic activity. Binding to the ATP-binding site, enzastaurin selectively inhibits protein kinase C beta, an enzyme involved in the induction of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-stimulated neo-angiogenesis. This agent may decrease tumor blood supply and so tumor burden.
CAS Number: 170364-57-5
Molecular Weight: 515.60
Enzastaurin free base
Chemical Name: 3-(1-methylindol-3-yl)-4-[1-[1-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)piperidin-4-yl]indol-3-yl]pyrrole-2,5-dione
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Enzastaurin (LY317615) application results in a marked dose-dependent inhibition of growth in all MM cell lines investigated, including MM.1S, MM.1R, RPMI 8226 (RPMI), RPMI-Dox40 (Dox40), NCI-H929, KMS-11, OPM-2, and U266, with IC50 from 0.6-1.6 μM. Enzastaurin direct impacts human tumor cells, inducing apoptosis and suppressing proliferation in cultured tumor cells. Enzastaurin also suppresses the phosphorylation of GSK3βser9, ribosomal protein S6S240/244, and AKTThr308 while having no direct effect on VEGFR phosphorylation. Enzastaurin increases apoptosis in malignant lymphocytes of CTCL. When combined with GSK3 inhibitors, enzastaurin demonstrates an enhancement of cytotoxicity levels. Treatment with a combination of enzastaurin and the GSK3 inhibitor AR-A014418 leads to increased levels of β-catenin total protein and β-catenin-mediated transcription. Blocking of β-catenin-mediated transcription or small hairpin RNA (shRNA) knockdown of β-catenin induces the same cytotoxic effects as that of enzastaurin plus AR-A014418. Additionally, treatment with enzastaurin and AR-A014418 decreases the mRNA levels and surface expression of CD44.
Treatment of xenografts with Enzastaurin and radiation produces greater reductions in density of microvessels than either treatment alone. The decrease in microvessel density corresponds to delayed tumor growth.
- Bodo J, Sedlak J, Maciejewski JP, Almasan A, Hsi ED. HDAC inhibitors potentiate the apoptotic effect of enzastaurin in lymphoma cells. Apoptosis. 2011 Jun 11. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 21667043.
- Civallero M, Cosenza M, Bari A, Sacchi S. Rational combinations of enzastaurin with novel targeted agents for patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2011 Aug;20(8):1029-31. Epub 2011 Jun 25. PubMed PMID: 21702717.
- Ysebaert L, Morschhauser F. Enzastaurin hydrochloride for lymphoma: reassessing the results of clinical trials in light of recent advances in the biology of B-cell malignancies. Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2011 Aug;20(8):1167-74. Epub 2011 Jun 5. PubMed PMID: 21639821.
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