Chelerythrine is a benzophenanthridine alkaloid extracted from the plant Greater celandine (Chelidonium majus). It is a potent, selective, and cell-permeable protein kinase C inhibitor
CAS Number: 3895-92-9
Molecular Weight: 383.82
Related CAS Number:
34316-15-9 (free base)
Chemical Name: 1, 2-dimethoxy-12-methyl-[1, 3]dioxolo[4', 5':4, 5]benzo[1, 2-c]phenanthridin-12-ium chloride
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Chelerythrine inhibits the BclXL-Bak BH3 peptide binding with IC50 of 1.5 μM and displaces Bax, a BH3-containing protein, from BclXL. Mammalian cells treated with Chelerythrine undergoes apoptosis with characteristic features that suggest involvement of the mitochondrial pathway. Chelerythrine treatment inhibits LPS-induced TNF-α level and NO production in LPS-induced murine peritoneal macrophages through selective inhibition of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) activation. Moreover, the effects of chelerythrine on NO and cytokine TNF-α production can possibly be explained by the role of p38 MAPK and ERK1/2 in the regulation of inflammatory mediators expression. Chelerythrine shows cytotoxic effect on the human monocytic leukaemia cells with LD50 value of 3.46 μM. Two hours after LPS stimulation, cells influenced by sanguinarine and Chelerythrine significantly decline the CCL-2 expression by a factors of 3.5 and 1.9. Chelerythrine chloride significantly enhances the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, chelerythrine chloride inhibits the phosphorylation of p38.
Chelerythrine displays significant anti-inflammatory effects in experimentally induced mice endotoxic shock model in vivo through inhibition of LPS-induced tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) level and nitric oxide (NO) production in serum. Chelerythrine chloride (5 mg/kg/day, i.p.) induces apoptosis of RCC cells without significant toxicity to mice. Chelerythrine Chloride treatment leads to a dose-dependent accumulation of p53.
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