Sphingosine is formed primarily from the breakdown of ceramide. Sphingosine inhibits protein kinase C and phosphatidic acid phosphohydrolase. D-sphingosine, a lipid possessing the same hydrophobic base as ceramide but without a carbohydrate residue, efficiently blocked this glycolipid antigen presentation both in vitro and in spinal cords of EAE mice, and significantly decreased IL-17 and ameliorated the pathological symptoms.
CAS Number: 123-78-4
Molecular Weight: 299.49
Chemical Name: 2S-amino-4E-octadecene-1,3R-diol
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
A p32-sphingosine-activated protein kinase responds to low concentrations of D-erythro-Sphingosine with an initial activation observed at 2.5 μM and a peak activity at 10-20 μM. This kinase shows a modest specificity for D-erythro-Sphingosine over other sphingosine tereoisomers, and a preference for sphingosines over ihydrosphingosines. D-erythro-Sphingosine inhibits protein kinase C in vitro. D-erythro-Sphingosine has been shown to inhibit protein kinase C, which affects cell regulation and several signal transduction pathways, and exhibits antitumor promoter activities in various mammalian cells.
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